LSLC Training Needs Assessment by Mind Map: LSLC Training Needs
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LSLC Training Needs Assessment

A place to gather all of my thought processes for the assessment I will be undertaking for my Library System. Stephanie Zimmerman Training Coordinator Library System of Lancaster County http://lslctraining.blogspot.com A Needs Assessment/Skills Gap Analysis is identifying the gaps between CURRENT and DESIRED SKILLS (so what are those right now?) and the possible solutions to those gaps (what action is needed to close the gaps?  Is it training or not? If it is training, what kind of training?).

Do they have yearly evaluation procedures?

Computer Skills

Millennium

Basic Circ

OPAC, Overdrive

Holds

Advanced Circ

Create Lists

Web Management Reports

Linking

LILLY

How to log in

How to find information

How to post/edit information

Windows

XP - Basic, mouse and keyboard skills, working with windows

XP - Advanced, File management, Customizing Windows, Desktop Settings

Vista

7

Microsoft Office

Word 2003, Level 1, Level 2, Level 3

Excel 2003, Level 1, Level 2, Level 3

Publisher

Powerpoint

Access

Outlook

Databases

CAS

iPage

Social Media

Twitter

Blogging, Blogger, Wordpress

Podcasts, iTunes, HowTo

Photo Sharing, Flickr, Picasa, Photobucket

Video Sharing, YouTube, Vimeo, Video Editing

Social Bookmarking, delicious, diigo

Social Networks, Facebook, LinkedIn, MySpace

RSS, Google Reader, Bloglines

Computer Basics

Peripherals

Scanners

Smartphones

mp3 Players (iPod)

eReaders, B&N Nook, Sony

Tablets, iPad

Internet

Links/URLs

Search Engines, Keyword, Phrase

Browsers

Evaluating Web Pages

Google, Advanced Searching

Surfing

Email, Set Up online account, Logging In, Reading, Composing, Attachments, Spam

Job and Career Resources, Writing Resumes

Geneaology

Buying/Selling, eBay, Craigslist

TV, Hulu

Groceries, email circulars, online grocery lists

Photo Editing

Photoshop

Gimp

Video Editing

Web Design

DSF

Calcium Calendar

Email

Outlook Desktop

OWA

Etiquette

Barracuda Spam Firewall

Project Management

Basecamp

Online Surveys

Surveymonkey

Google

Docs, Forms

Calendar

Attending a Webinar

PDFs

Viewing

Creating

Wi-Fi

How to Access

Troubleshoot

EnvisionWare

Phone Skills/Etiquette

Attending a Webinar

What are the Libraries Doing?

Do they have job descriptions

What internal training are they doing?

Do they have defined Core Competencies?

Do they do Performance Appraisals?

What is their mission statement?

What are their organizational goals?

Interest in a Systemwide Staff Day?

Interest in a Training/Cont. Ed Committee?

Look for an "inside" person at each library

Someone who advocates training and is techie.

Job Positions

Director

Asst. Director

AKA, Program Associate, Administrative Assistant, Deputy Director, Operations Manager

Circulation Manager

AKA, Team Leader, Circulation Supervisor

Circulation Asst.

AKA, Library Assistant, Customer Service Specialist, Library Clerk, Library Aide, Page

Youth Staff

AKA, Children's Librarian, Youth Services Coordinator, Youth Services Librarian, Children's Services, Family Place Teen Services Coordinator, Children's Program Director

Board

Volunteer

Webmaster

AKA, Website Manager

Volunteer Coordinator

Accountant

Public Services Librarian

Adult Services Librarian

Collection Development Coordinator

Passport Service

Technology Coordinator

AKA, Manager of Operations & Technology, Tech Desk, Technical Services Coordinator

Acquisitions

AKA, Library Acquisitions

Community Relations

Reference Librarian

Facilities Coordinator

Reserves

Interlibrary Loan

Business Reference Librarian

Maintenance

Branch Coordinator

Data Controller

Special Services Coordinator

Program Manager

WebJunction Competencies

Library Management

Note: WebJunction has courses in this area.

Budget & Funding

Community Relations

Facilities

Laws, Policies & Procedures

Marketing

Organizational Leadership

Personnel Management

Project Management

Staff Training & Development

Strategic Planning

Trustees & Friends

Personal & Interpersonal

Communication

Customer Service

Ethics & Values

Interpersonal

Leadership & Project Management

Learning & Personal Growth

Public Services

Access Services

Adult & Older Adult Services, Adult Services & Outreach, Adult (General) Programming, Older Adult Services & Programming, Readers' Advisory, Reference

Children's Services

Collection Development

Patron Training

Young Adult Services

Technical Services

Acquisitions & Processing

Cataloging

Collection Management

E-Resource Management

Preservation

Technology: Core Technology

Core E-mail Applications

Core Hardware

Core Internet

Core Operating Systems

Core Software Applications

Core Web Tools

Technology: Systems & IT

Digital Resource Technology

Enterprise Computing

Hardware

Networking & Security

Operating & Automation Systems

Public Access Computing

Server Administration

Software Applications

Technology Planning

Technology Policies

Technology Training

Web Design & Development

Needs Assessment Basics Book

Chapter 1: Why Needs Assessment?

Needs Assessment Stages, Stage 1: What are the business needs?, Stage 2: What are the performance needs?, Stage 4: What are the learner needs?

Steps in Needs Assessment Process, Step 1: Conduct external and organiztion scan, Step 2: Collect data to identify business needs, Step 3: Identify potential training intervention, Step 4: Collect data to identify performance, learning, and learner needs, Step 5: Analyze data, Step 6: Deliver data analysis feedback, Transition Step: Begin training design

Chapter 2: The Training Request

Preparing for the initial library director conversation, What is each library's (and the system's) current perception of what I as the Training Coordinator do?, Stage 3: What are the learning needs?, What is each library's perception of the role of training in supporting business strategies and employee performance?, What questions should I ask each library in order to build credibility in order to conduct a training needs assessment?

Chapter 3: Identifying Questions and Data Sources

If possible, collect data on current performance in areas, Measure the Gap between the two

Need to collect data on desired performance in areas, There is no gap for learners with no background or experience in the skills

Four Thought Processes, 1. identifying the questions that must be answered by the data collection, 2. identifying the sources that can supply the required data, 3. identifying potential data collection methods, 4. choosing the data collection methods

The main objective of data collection in training needs assessment is action, not understanding!!!

Chapter 4: Evaluating Potential Data Collection Methods

Quantitative, Hard Data: Objective & Measurable, Frequency, Percentage, Proportion, Time, Extant Data, Existing records, reports & data, Inside Organiztion, Outside Organization, Examples, job descriptions, competency models, benchmarking reports, annual reports, financial statements, strategic plans, mission statements, staffing statistics, climate surveys, 360-degree feedback, performance appraisals, grievances, turnover rates, absenteeism, suggestion box feedback, accident statistics, short-term and long-term leave records, customer compaints, quality statistics, production and labor costs, production rates, waste, rework rates, down time, late deliveries, repairs, training evaluation data, competitive intelligences, Methods to collect, Internal Departments, HR, Quality improvement, legal, finance, Scan External Environment, business trends, company progress, regulatory issues, current events, Surveys, Assessments & Tests, Job Task Analyses, SMEs, Acknowledged Expert, star performer employee, reference source (book/doc), you

Qualitative, Soft Data: Intangible, Anecdotal, Personal, Subjective, Opinions, Attitudes, Assumptions, Feelings, Values, Desires, Interviews, Importance vs. self-assessment, May be recorded, Critical Incident Interviews, Must be recorded, Focus Groups, group interview, 5-12 participants, Observation, Accompanied by interviews

Chapter 5: Data Collection Implementation

Choose Quantitative & Qualitative Methods

Considerations, Time Needed, Other Resources Needed, Other Costs, Essentialness, Availability of Data Sources, Logistics, Needs Assessor's Skill Level

Implementing Your Data Collection, Double-check, Make a plan, Be flexible, Include client regularly & frequently, Keep own interpretations & experiences out of the data collection, Be objective, Use extant data correctly, Use others to achieve reliability, Plan how to share the data when data collection is complete, Skim or sample the data as it is being gathered, Stop when you get repetitive data, New node

The Ultimate Goal: Generating the Training Design, Stage 1: Business Needs Data, Stage 2: Performance Needs, Stage 3: Learning Needs, Stage 4: Learner Needs

Chapter 6: Data Analysis Findings

Findings vs. Recommendations, Identifying Findings, Findings are pure; unaffected by the context of the organization or the needs assessor's biases, Developing recommendations based on the findings, Recommendations are contextual within the organization and situation, as well as with other data

Needs Assessment data analysis adds value in 2 ways, 1) Develops a current picture of what's going on, 2) Translates the data into action items or recommendations

What Does the Data Say?, Quantitative vs. Qualitative, Quantitative, Depicted numerically, frequencies, percentages, other measures of proportion, how many said X or Y, Analyzing this data involves determining what the numbers really mean (NOT what should be done about it; that's the recommendation part!), Qualitative, Usually narrative in form, anecdotes, stories, survey essay questions, Analyzing this data involves identifying themes, patterns, trends, key ideas, issues, and determining their strength by examining how often those patterns or trends occur, Opportunities to combine Qualitative and Quantitative data, Determines stronger and more robust patterns and themes, Data Analysis results in findings at all four needs assessment stages, Stage 1: Business Needs and the Training Intervention, Stage 2: Specific Desired Work Performance, Stage 3: Training Design Information, Stage 4: Training Delivery Information

Descriptive Statistical Analysis, Descriptive Statistics - Methods of interpreting data that enable meaning to be derived, Interval scale, Nominal scale, Reliability, Validity, Frequency, Mean=Average, Median, Mode, Percentile, Significance, Inferential Statistics - Used to present various relationships among values in the data set (ex. standard deviation)

Using Statistics to Derive Meaning, If statistical analysis provides indicators that aren't very strong, seek additional corroborating data from your other sources, If it doesn't feel right, it probably isn't

Non-Training Needs, Tools, Regulations, Organizational Structure, Customers, External Pressures, Workforce, Resources, Incentives, On the job reinforcement, Organizational culture, Motivation

Chapter 7: Data Analysis Recommendations

Recommendations Are Not the Same as Findings, 2 purposes of a needs assessment, 1) Determine how a training intervention must affect job performance to meet business needs (training needs), 2) Identify what else must change in the organization to support the desired performance (non-training needs)

Making Training Recommendations, Learning objectives for the to-be-developed training course, Parts of training course content that should be emphasized or deemphasized (helps to avoid a generalized "grab-bag" content set, Activities to focus on particular skills: knowledge vs skill practice levels, Types of learning activities and training materials, Delivery Methods, Type of learning environment, prework, postwork, prerequisites, training schedule, Audience

Making Non-Training Recommendations, Depends on 4 factors, 1) How a finding relates in context with other training and non-training findings, 2) The training professional's role and level in the organization, 3) Perception of the training function within the organization (Is training function seen as an internal consulting function that focuses on job performance or as a training provider on request?), 4) Cost of implementing a recommendation compared to how much benefit will be derived from it (ROI)

So, What About ROI?, (Net benefits / Costs) * 100 = ROI (%), 4 Steps, Step 1: Calculate the projected value of the business goal, Step 2: Estimate a reasonable proportion of effect that training can be expected to have on the desired business outcome., Step 3: Calculate the projected costs of the potential training effort (including needs assessment, design, development, delivery and evaluation), Step 4: Calculate the projected ROI (Expected Benefits - Projected Costs = Net Expected Benefits) and the ROI calc., Step 5: Present the projected ROI as a part of my recommendations

Tips for Projecting ROI, Don't do so if not conducting a thorough needs assessment

Chapter 8: Communicating With Your Client

Planning the Feedback Meeting and Presentation, Define Your Presentation Goals, Know Your Audience, Separate Findings from Recommendations, Tailor Your Presentation Media and Style, Handout Materials, Structure Your Time: spend more time on recommendations vs findings, Emphasize Information That the Client Can Affect, Plan Ahead, New node

Making the Presentation, Sometimes the presentation is more convincing than the data., Factors that are most influential in a presentation, a level of detail that matches audience's expectations, Your ability to answer questions that come up during the presentation, Organization of information that builds evidence so answers logically present themselves to the audience, Your ability to link disparate points of info on the spot, Your level of self-confidence, Present findings with as little bias as possible - wait for the recommendations

Steps in the Presentation, 1) Begin with a summary of what was done in the needs assessment study., 2) Present the findings first - simple, concise and direct - sometimes passive voice is best (no you)., 3) Make an obvious transition to recommendations, 4) Be flexible as the meeting goes on, 5) Ask for what you want

Next Steps, Identify the non-training issues and make recommendations

Chapter 9: The Ideal Organization Scan

Sources of External and Organization Scan Data, Libraries' Missions, Libraries' Strategies (Strategic Plans), Libraries' Organizational goals, Libraries' Plans and Objectives, Libraries' Stated Wants and Needs, Libraries' Annual Reports, Change implementation or reorganization plans

Chapter 10: A Final Note

Other outputs that assessments produce beyond main goal of how training can help org reach its business and performance goals and the valuable output of non-training factors, Relationship between stated business and performance needs and the proposed training need, Goals at each state that will ultimately be evaluated in the training evaluation process, Training design indicators (learning objectives, activities etc), Metrics that will be used to measure learning success and business success during training eval process

Common Errors in Needs Assessment, Insufficient data collection or analysis, Treating presenting problems only, Applying no tools or the wrong tools, try to triangulate on training and non-training issues by using variety of data collection methods - at least 2, BUT don't use too many tools = analysis paralysis!, Trying a quick fix, Applying the wrong fix, Giving feedback in wrong "language", Assuming one problem/one solution, Failing to identify non-training issues, Failing to educate clients regarding non-training issues

What About Performance Consulting?

Teaching Technology book

A How To Do It Manual for Librarians by D. Scott Brandt

Part 1: Developing Technology Training Courses Using ADDIE

Step 1: Analysis, Importance of Analyzing Learning Aspects, Learning styles, Preferences to teaching styles, aptitudes in a learning situation, what motivates them, Definition of Learner Analysis, Steps for learner analysis, 1) Determine basic area of need (what does it seem like they want?), 2) Identify likely outcome (How would you describe success?), a demonstrable or measurable result, behavior, or change, 3) Determine questions to ask and method for asking them, by determining specific outcomes you can shape the questions you ask so that you elicit specific responses, 4) Interview as many people as is reasonable, Determine my sample - everyone or few of each position?, 5) Analyze results, looking for trends, discrepancies, gaps, Do I have all of the results in one place/format?, What patterns or repeat issues/problems can I see?, Are some things mentioned more/less than others?, How do I translate patterns or trends into needs?, With whom can I verify/double-check needs?, 6) Use resulting analysis to help design training, Reasons for Analyzing Learners, To find out about their current level of knowledge about the subject being taught, What do they know now?, What do they want to learn?, What might they learn to do differently to help them acquire knowledge or skills?, Find out about the learner's styles and preferences for learning, Investigate learner attitudes toward the subject (or learning in general), What's it like from their perspective - how willing are they to undertake the learning?, What, if any, misconceptions about the topic do they have?, Where or when will they be applying learning?, Categories of Analysis, Direct - interaction with the potential learners to hear their needs, Indirect - interacting with others or some means of observing learners without interacting with them, Formal - gathering data and recording specific and precise responses from learners, Informal - collecting or validating general impressions of the learner, Direct-formal, requires most work and time in defining, preparing, gathering and reviewing info, provides opportunity to ask lot of specific questions, anonymity (web form) can encourage participants reluctant to speak up, May need approval by "the management" - hence info may need to be shared for reasons other than designing learning - be prepared to distribute findings, Indirect-formal, almost as time consuming as the direct one, May get more objective info, won't work in situations where there are no expectations on the learner - internally motivated and not held accountable to anyone, Direct-informal, quick and general and useful info, Less questions and less intensive - trade off means able to ask more people a smaller number of questions, more conversational means more personal interaction and follow up, Indirect-informal, most vague way to gather info - but what is most often used, Involves subjective interpretation on part of analyzer - so don't trust it entirely, Determining Learners' Needs, Visit staff on the job to see the potential learners in their working environment, learner needs = gap in knowledge or skills, Identify where the learners are currently, Identify where they would like or need to be, Determine what it would take to get their knowledge and skills updated, Identifying Learner's Levels of Experience, Segregate learners? - beginner, intermediate, advanced, Ask those with more experience to sit with someone who has less experience and help out - but ask for volunteers, Include a roving assistant to help learners with lower skills, Include supplementary materials for both introductory and advanced learners, Learner Attitudes, ARCS model by John Keller, Attention - ice breakers, gimmicks to grab their attention in the first place, Relevance - understand what learners feel is relevant and include examples, exercises and strategies to meet their expectations, Confidence - If learners are confident they can achieve the objectives set out by the learning, they are going to be motivated to do it, Satisfaction - what will you do to ensure the ultimate satisfaction of the user with the learning? - make things relevant and build their confidence in the knowledge and skills, Types of Learning, Acquisition of motor (behavioral skills) -behaviors that can be physically taught, learned or demonstrated - moving a mouse, right clicking etc., Acquisition of verbal information -facts and figures that are memorized like definitions, terms concepts etc., Development of intellectual (procedural/conceptual/rule-based) skills - anything other than physical, verbal, or attitude skills. Anything to do with basic or low-level thinking = processes with a varying number of steps from simple to complex - much of traditional training falls here, Development of cognitive (analytical/problem solving) strategies - a higher-order level of thinking = figuring something out, Change of attitude (affective) - things that affect the mood and motivation of learning, Styles of Learning, Auditory, Visual and Tactile, Deductive and Inductive, Abstract, Concrete, Reflective and Active, How learners perceive and how they process learning

My plan?

First a direct-informal (asking staff casual questions) survey?

Or first a direct-informal (asking directors about learning issues) survey to identify what should go on the staff survey.

Be sure to ask specific and measurable questions, not just do you need training on...

Determine where staff are already on the topics I ask about - novice vs. pro etc.

Soft Skills

Customer Service

Diversity Training

Strategic Planning/Goal Setting

Leadership/Management Training

Budgeting

Time Management

Fundraising

Managing Volunteers

Hiring

They need to learn how to explain the problems they are experiencing when writing to the helpdesk.

Library Science Skills

Reference

Research Skills

Information Literacy

Collection Development

Understanding Copyright

How to Weed

Running Book Clubs & Reading Groups

New node

Grant Writing

Community Partnering

Maintaining & Repairing Books

Protecting Privacy

Creating Book Displays

Meeting State & Local Standards

Training Delivery Options

HOW

Hand-on Classes/Workshops

Presentation at a Conference

Self-Paced Tutorials at any computer/Online

How-to-books, Manuals, Quick References/Job Aids & other print materials

Online classes which include discussion/Webinars

Online Video

Online Audio

WHERE

At the System

In my own Library

WHEN

Daytime Hours

Evening Hours

Weekends

LENGTH

3 hours (1/2 day)

6 hours (full day)

1 hour

More than one day (in a row)

A series of one day workshops (held over a span of months)

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