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ADJECTIVE by Mind Map: ADJECTIVE

1. expresses the categorial meaning of property of a substance

2. CHARACTERISTICS

2.1. syntactical

2.1.1. an attributive

2.1.1.1. a group of words which describes a noun

2.1.1.1.1. long way, yellow balloon

2.1.2. a predicative

2.1.2.1. a group of words with a verb which describes a noun

2.1.2.1.1. ...who is wearing a baseball cap... ...which is drinking milk...

2.2. semantic

2.2.1. describe nouns *do not possess a full nominative value

2.2.1.1. -if the adjective is placed in a nominatively self-dependent position, this leads to its substantivisation

2.2.1.1.1. E.g.: Outside it was a beautiful day, and the sun tinged the snow with red. Cf.: The sun tinged the snow with the red colour.

2.3. morphological

2.3.1. the category of comparison

3. SUBCLASSES

3.1. qualitative

3.1.1. denote various qualities of substances which admit of a quantitative estimation

3.1.1.1. an awkward situation, a difficult task, an enthusiastic reception

3.2. relative

3.2.1. express such properties of a substance as are determined by the direct relation of the substance to some other substance

3.2.1.1. a historical event, tabular presentation, coloured postcards

4. STATIVES

4.1. 1. denote "states"

4.2. 2. preffix a-

4.3. 3. do not possess the category of the degrees of comparison

4.4. 4. are characterised by the absence of the righthand combinability with nouns *not used in the pre-positional attributive function

4.5. afraid, agog, adrift, ablaze, aware

5. DEGREE OF COMPARISON

5.1. positive degree

5.1.1. no features of comparison

5.2. comparative degree

5.2.1. the feature of restricted superiority (which limits the comparison to two elements only)

5.2.1.1. short word

5.2.1.1.1. + -er

5.2.1.1.2. y ending => -ier

5.2.1.2. long word

5.2.1.2.1. more or less

5.2.1.3. irregular

5.2.1.3.1. good - better bad - worse

5.3. superlative degree

5.3.1. the feature of unrestricted superiority

5.3.1.1. short word

5.3.1.1.1. + -est

5.3.1.1.2. y ending => -iest

5.3.1.2. long word

5.3.1.2.1. the most or the least

5.3.1.3. irregular

5.3.1.3.1. good - the best bad - the worst