Prokaryotes (Internal)

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Prokaryotes (Internal) by Mind Map: Prokaryotes (Internal)

1. plasma membrane

1.1. movement across plasma membrane

1.1.1. passive process

1.1.1.1. simple diffusion

1.1.1.2. osmosis

1.1.1.3. facilitated diffusion

1.1.2. active process

1.1.2.1. active transport

1.1.2.2. group translocation

1.2. synthesize cell walls component

1.3. assists in DNA replication

1.4. carries on respiration

1.5. lipid bilayers with floating protein

1.6. selectively permeable layer

1.7. captures energy as ATP

2. cytoplasm

2.1. contains protein, carbohydrates, lipids, inorganic ions & many low molecular weight compounds

2.2. 80% of water

2.3. contains structure like DNA, ribosomes and inclusions

2.4. intracytoplasmic membrane

3. inclusions

3.1. metachromatic granules

3.2. polysaccharide granules

3.3. carboxysomes

3.4. gas vacuole

3.5. magnetosomes

3.6. sulfur granules

4. the nuclear area

4.1. small circular, double-stranded DNA molecules ( plasmid.)

4.1.1. not connected to bacterial chromosome

4.1.2. contains features that enhance survivability

4.1.3. replicate independently of chromosomal DNA

4.2. Single long circular molecule of double-stranded DNA

5. ribosomes

5.1. sites of protein synthesis

5.2. consists of protein and rRNA

5.3. 70S ribosomes

5.4. two subunits

5.4.1. 50S

5.4.2. 30S

6. endospores

6.1. Spores are very impermeable to dye

6.2. Can remain dormant indefinitely

6.3. Highly resistant differentiated bacterial cell

6.4. Enable the organism to endure extreme environmental conditions