Learning Literature

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Learning Literature by Mind Map: Learning Literature

1. 1. Identify the plot

1.1. Traditional

1.1.1. Introduction

1.1.2. Conflict

1.1.3. Rising action

1.1.4. Climax

1.1.5. Falling action

1.2. Departs from plot conventions

1.2.1. a cliff -hanger ending

1.2.2. jump around in time

2. 2.Determine the identify of the narrator

2.1. A third-person omniscient

2.1.1. can see in to every character's thoughts and knows everything

2.2. A third-person limited

2.2.1. knows some character's thoughts

2.3. A first-person

2.3.1. knows only her own thoughts

3. 3.Study the characters

3.1. Protagonist

3.1.1. The main character of a story

3.2. Antagonist

3.2.1. The person who create problems for protagonist

4. 4.Examine the setting

4.1. gives the reader information about the events

4.2. The worldviews the character espouse

4.3. Indicates that the text belongs to

4.3.1. fantasy

4.3.2. science fiction genre

5. 5.Identify symbolic language and images

5.1. Do not convey all of their ideas literally

5.1.1. figurative devices

5.1.1.1. metaphor

5.1.1.2. hyperbole

5.2. Symbols require readers to use their imagination to see a thing or idea

6. 6.Figure out what the text is about

6.1. Themes are the topic abstract

6.1.1. racism

6.1.2. gender

6.1.3. small-town life

6.1.4. family

6.1.5. child hood

6.1.6. prejudice

7. 7.Piece together all of the elements

7.1. present a unified whole

7.2. like putting together the pieces of a jigsaw puzzle

8. Reader can get the most out of literature -- novels, poem, plays and non-fiction -- by carefully studying and analyzing text . Learning the tools of literature analysis makes previously inaccessible texts interesting and meaningful. Different schools of thought throughout the centuries from Plato to Derrida have promoted different methods of studying literature, which can make knowing where to turn for instruction daunting. Consider a literary text on a series of levels beginning with plot as the most basic level, then elements such as narration and character next, and finally taking into account how all of these levels of complexity work to create a whole text.