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The history of IBM - 100+ Years of Innovation by Mind Map: The history of IBM - 100+ Years of Innovation
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The history of IBM - 100+ Years of Innovation

1880s–1937

1890: Punched cards

1911: Formation

1914: Watson arrives

1914: First disabled employee

1915: "THINK" signs

1916: Employee education

1923: IBM Germany

1924: International Business Machines Corporation

1927: IBM Italy

1933: 40-hour week

1934 – Group life insurance

1934: Elimination of piece-work

1934: Scientific computing

1934: IBM 801

1935: Social Security Administration

1937: IBM 805 test scoring machine

1937: Berlin conference

1938–1951

1938: New headquarters

1942: Training for the disabled

1943: Equal opportunity

1944: ASCC

1944: United Negro College Fund

1945: IBM's first research lab

1946: IBM 603

1946: Chinese character typewriter

1946: First black salesman

1948: IBM SSEC

1952–1963

1950s: Space exploration

1952: IBM 701

1952: Magnetic tape vacuum column

1952: First California research lab

1953: Equal opportunity policy letter

1953: The first heart lung machine

1953: IBM 650

1954: NORC

1956: First magnetic hard disk

1956: Consent decree

1956: Corporate design

1956: First European research lab

1956: Changing hands

1956: Williamsburg conference

1956: Artificial intelligence

1957: FORTRAN

1958: SAGE

1958: Open Door program

1959: Speak up

1959: IBM 1401

1959: IBM 1403

1961: Stretch

1961: T.J. Watson Research Center

1961: THE IBM Selectric typewriter

1961: Report program generator

1962: Basic beliefs

1962: SABRE

1964–1971

1964: System/360

1964: Word processing

1964: New corporate headquarters

1965: Gemini space flights

1965: World Fair

1966: Memory chips

1966: System/4Pi

1968: Customer Information Control System

1969: Antitrust

1969: Unbundling

1969: Magnetic stripe cards

1969: First moon landing

1970: Relational databases

1970: Office copiers

1971: Speech recognition

1971: Floppy disk

1972–1992

1973: Winchester storage technology

1973: Nobel Prize

1974: SNA

1975: Fractals

1975: IBM 5100 Portable computer

1976: Space shuttle

1976: Laser printer

1977: Data encryption standard

1979: Retail checkout

1979: Thin film recording heads

1979: Overcoming barriers to technology use

1980: Thermal conduction modules

1980: RISC architecture

1981: IBM PC

1981: Lasik surgery

1982: Antitrust suit

1982: Trellis-coded modulation

1983: PCjr

1984: IBM 3480 magnetic tape system

1984: Sexual discrimination

1985: RP3

1985: Token Ring Network

1986: Almaden Research Center

1986: Nobel Prize: STM

1987: Nobel Prize: High Temperature Superconductivity

1987: Antivirus tools

1987: Special needs access

1988: AS/400

1988: NSFNET

1989: Silicon germanium transistors

1990: System/390

1990: RISC System/6000

1990: Moving individual atoms

1990: Environmental programs

1991: Services business

1992: Thinkpad

1993–present

1993: Billion dollar losses

1993: Gerstner

1993: Scalable Parallel Systems Technology

1994: Turnaround

1994: IBM RAMAC Array Storage Family

1994: Speech recognition

1994: Reinventing education

1995: Lotus acquisition

1995: Glueball calculation

1996: Austin research lab opens

1996: Atlanta Olympics

1996: Domestic partner benefits

1997: Deep Blue

1997: eBusiness

1998: CMOS Gigaprocessor

1999: Blue Gene

2000: Nanotechnology

2000: Fastest supercomputer

2000: Flexible transistors

2000: Sydney Olympics

2001: Holocaust controversy

2001: Carbon nanotube transistors

2001: Molecular computer circuit

2001: Low power initiative

2001: Greater density & chip speeds

2003: Blue Gene/L

2005: War on cancer

2005: The PC division is sold

2006: Translation software

2007: Renewable energy

2007: River watch

2007: Patent power

2008: Super computer leadership

2008: Green power

2011: Watson