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Grammar by Mind Map: Grammar

1. Why is it important? Because using verb tenses can help us to improves English skills. It can show something when it happen and give more details for other people.

2. Example 1: I usually eat a banana in the morning.

3. Verb Tenses and Irregular Forms

3.1. Irregular Verb Definition: A verb that follows different rulers or pattern.

3.1.1. Example 1: I cost (cost)15 dollars to have lunch yesterday.

3.1.2. Example 2: Yesterday, I only slept (sleep) 5 hours.

3.1.3. Example 3: My mother told me something about health diet at last night.

3.2. Verb Tenses Definition: English verb come in six tenses. There are three simple and three perfect. The simple tenses are past, present, and future. The past tense is used to describe something that are already happened. And the present tense is used to describe something that are happening right now or some fact. The future tense is used to describe something that will happen in the future. As to perfect tenses, there are past perfect, present perfect, and future perfect.

3.2.1. Example 1: I eat fruit every day. (Simple Present)

3.2.2. Example 2: Owen walks to school every day. (Simple Present)

3.2.3. Example 3: Owen likes his cat. (Simple Present)

3.2.4. Example 1: I ate hotpot last Sunday (Simple Past)

3.2.5. Example 2: Owen walked to school yesterday. (Simple past)

3.2.6. Example 3: I finished my assignment before I have lunch. (Simple past)

3.2.7. Example 1: I will study more hardly in the future. (Simple future)

3.2.8. Example 2: I will go to Vancouver in the reading week. (Simple future)

3.2.9. Example 3: Owen will buy a new computer. (Simple future)

3.2.10. Example 1: The teacher had left when we went to the classroom. (Past Perfect)

3.2.11. Example 2: Owen had left lunch when I went to his home. (Past Perfect)

3.2.12. Example 3: They have lived there for more than five years. (Past Perfect)

3.2.13. Example 1: I have finished my homework. (Present Perfect)

3.2.14. Example 2: Owen has been to Toronto. (Present Perfect)

3.2.15. Example 3: I had learnt to cook. (Present Perfect)

3.2.16. Example 1: I will have finished my homework by next week. (Future Perfect)

3.2.17. Example 2: Hank will finished his assignment before Owen returns form China. (Future Perfect)

3.2.18. Example 3: By next Sunday, Owen will have studied here for five months.

4. Simple, Complex and Compound Sentence

4.1. Simple Sentence Definition: A sentence that only has one subject and verb combination.

4.1.1. Example 3: My dog is sleeping now.

4.1.2. Example 2: Before we have dinner, we should to wash our hands.

4.2. Complex Sentence Definition: One independent clause and one or more dependent clauses combined a complex sentence.

4.2.1. Example 1: I arrived late because the weather is so bad.

4.2.2. Example 2: Before we have dinner, we should to wash our hands.

4.2.3. Example 3: If it rains tomorrow, we will not to have a picnic.

4.3. Compound Sentence Definition: A compound sentence is a sentence containing two independent clauses joined by one sentence.

4.3.1. Example 1: I like to do some sport in my free time, but my friend like to play computer game.

4.3.2. Example 2: I want to buy a black hat, but my brother wants to buy a white one.

4.3.3. Example 3: I will stay at home because I am sick.

4.4. Why it is important? The simple , complex and compound sentence are very useful. I usually used them in my essay or assignment, and they enrich the details of my essay. And they help me write better.

5. Articles and Prepositions

5.1. Articles Definition (A/An/The): An article is kind if determiner, it usually come before nouns.

5.1.1. 1. I get a new skill.

5.1.2. 2. My cat is eating an apple.

5.1.3. 3. The car that parked behind my house is very cool.

5.2. Prepositions Definition: A words used before a noun or pronoun to show place, position or time.

5.2.1. 1. My English book is under my bed.

5.2.2. 2. I want buy this ball that on the second shelves.

5.2.3. 3. I was arrived at 180 Dalhousie street, but I can't find the bus station that you said.

5.3. Why it is important? Using articles and prepositions can help me arrange the structure of article. And make my essay become more cleanly.

6. Adjectives and Adverbs

6.1. Adjective Definition: An adjective is a word that describe a person or thing and gives more information about them. Adjectives usually come before nouns.

6.1.1. 1. I have a new book but I can't find it ,now.

6.1.2. 2. Hank is very like his red shoes, but he usually wears the white one.

6.1.3. 3. My brother is a steady person, because he always can solve the problem calmly.

6.2. Adverb Definition: An Adverb is a word that adds more information or detail about action, event, time and place. Adverbs usually come with a verb, adjective, another adverb.

6.2.1. 1. I usually eat rices at lunch

6.2.2. 2. Eventually, I finished my math assignment.

6.2.3. 3. Owen can play basketball very well

6.3. Why is it important? When I write something, adjectives and adverb can help us embellish our sentence. It helps me to have a vivid and perfect essay or article.

7. Possessive Pronouns and Contractions

7.1. Possessive Pronouns Definition: A Possessive Pronouns is a word that demonstrate ownership.

7.1.1. 1. Her bag is very beautiful.

7.1.2. 2. His car is black.

7.1.3. 3. Our teacher is a nice person.

7.2. Contractions Definition: A contraction is a shortened form of a word or words.

7.2.1. 1. I can't drink cold milk.

7.2.2. 2. I won't go out today.

7.2.3. 3. I've a cute cat.

7.3. Why is it important? When I use possessive pronouns, it can hep me to be more concise and use less words to write the same sentence. As for contraction, it can help me write more quickly.

8. Verb Agreement and Collective Nouns

8.1. Verb Agreement Definition: The subject and verb must agree in number. The subject is singular and the verb must be singular. If the subject is plural and the verb must be plural.

8.1.1. 1. My teacher often helps me learn English.

8.1.2. 2. My friends usually play computer games with me.

8.1.3. 3. My friend is a sunshine boy.

8.2. Collective Nouns Definition: A collective noun is a noun that refers to a group of people or things.

8.2.1. 1. My class is very big.

8.2.2. 2. My family is very harmonious.

8.2.3. 3. Our group get the first.

8.3. Why it is important? It can help me to write a correct sentence. Using collective nouns can help me reduce the subject in one sentence. I will write a concise sentence without grammar mistake.