My Foundations for Education

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My Foundations for Education by Mind Map: My Foundations for Education

1. Politics of Education Chapter 2

1.1. Schools have: Political, Social, economic, and intellectual purposes.

1.2. 1.) Role of School: Liberal Perspective: My take on the Liberal Perspective in Schools in my opinion is the way schools should be run. Put an emphasis on diversity and stand firm in the belief of equal opportunity for all students regardless of race, sex, or socio-economic background.

1.3. 2.) Explanations of Unequal Educational Performance: Liberal Perspective: While I agree with the conservative take on educational performance, (i.e. Individuals rise or fall based on their own performance), but I mostly agree with the Liberal perspective on the matter. Each child comes from different backgrounds and each has different advantages and disadvantages and as a teacher it is our jobs to make sure that each child has the same opportunities to learn and advance.

1.4. 3.) Definition of Educational Problems: Liberal/Conservative Perspective: When discussing the issue of Educational Problems, I find myself struggling to pick a side between the conservative and Liberal viewpoints. While I agree with the conservative side for saying that some curriculum has been watered down to meet the standards for minority schools, I also feel as though the minority schools and students have been drastically undervalued. I also agree with the liberal take on the fact that the difference between urban and suburban schools is often a result of low or high socio-economic backgrounds.

2. School as organizations Chapter 6

2.1. 1.) Senators: Doug Jones & Richard Shelby; Representative: Robert Aderholt; State Superintendent: Michael Sentence; Board Rep: Ralton Baker; Members on Board: Baker, Shannon Oliver, Donald Borden, Greg Hamilton, Mike Shannon.

2.2. 2.) The Element of change through school processes change from year to year. This can often be as a result of the change in leadership with board members and superintendent. 2a.) The culture of a school reflects those who lead it. For instance if a school board implements certain policy changes, the culture of the school is likely to change as well.

3. History of US Education Chapter 3

3.1. 1.) I believe that the most important reform in U.S. Education History would have to be the urbanization and progressive impetus. Because without this reform, there is a very good chance that there would not be any smaller schools such as "county" schools therefore making it harder for all children to get a proper education.

3.2. 2.) The education interpretation I decided to go with is the Democratic-Liberal interpretation. This essentially means that the people who side with this viewpoint believe that there should be an equal playing field for everyone seeking an education regardless if the system is flawed.

4. Curriculum and Pedagogy Chapter 7

4.1. 1.) I advocate for the Humanist curriculum and this type of curriculum believes that the ability to learn comes from the student themselves. It also means that it is up to the student to advance their education and make significant strides towards being a great student.

4.2. 2.) The two dominant traditions of teaching are simple and complex. The simple way of teaching, how you teach is more important than anything and the complex way of teaching is argued to not have one clear way to teach or another.

5. Equality of Opportunity Chapter 8

5.1. 1.) Class, race, and gender play a vital role in the impact on educational outcomes. Race and class on students kind of go hand in hand in terms of what happens with a student and how the student responds to certain curriculum. Results stemming from gender however, tend to have a lot to do with teachers and how fair they are.

5.2. 2.) The first response to the Coleman Study was that private schools and public schools do differ greatly in terms of the students that attend those schools but the curriculum taught is the same. The second opinion was that regardless of the students socioeconomic background, that does not factor in to a students achievements.

6. Philosophy of Education Chapter 5

6.1. 1.) Pragmatism: The similaraties between pragmatism and Existentialism are that they both stem from the bible in one way or another. John Dewey, George Sanders Pierce, and William James are the forefathers in researching this front. In terms of generic notions, John Dewey was centered around new psychology and behaviorism and were heavily influenced by the theory of evolution. The goals of education through pragmatism view the school system as a higher part of the socio-economic conditions within its existence. The roles of the teachers differ between the two ideas of thoughts as in pragmatism, instead of being viewed as an administrator, the teachers are viewed as facilitators. Instead of having a consistent method of instruction amongst teachers, this belief states that children start their mode of inquiry by learning what they want to know. Finally, in terms of curriculum, pragmatism centers around the thought of having an integrated system rather than one constant system.

7. Educational Inequality Chapter 9

7.1. 1.) One theory by John Ogbu states that African-Americans do less well in school because they feel pressured to do as well as white students and they have to adapt in an oppressed society. One other theory is that of Stanton Salazar that believes that Mexican-American students undergo the same amount of pressure. However, Salazar believes that the pressure stems from the worrying of having their family sent back to the country from which they came.

7.2. Educational Reform Chapter 10

7.3. 2.) A: School Financing -- This has a lot to do with what curriculum is taught in schools and how it is taught. For instance, a privately funded school probably has better resources to allocate rather than a public school. B: Effective School Research -- This theory goes a long way in determining needs of certain schools. If research goes into studying what students go to that school, how many students that school has, etc. can go a long ways in helping students. C: Gender and Schooling -- Gender and schooling is key in leveling the playing field for all students in different school settings by making sure males and females get the same privileges. D: Curriculum and Ability grouping -- What this means is grouping students together that have the same learning capabilities as each. Other in order to get students on the same field.

8. Sociology of Education Chapter 4

8.1. 1.) Functionalism: Functionalism centers around how each piece interacts with one another and is viewed as a machine. 2.) Conflict Theories: This belief states that the powerful should have ultimate control over the subordinate groups. 3.) Interactional Theories: Interactional Theory states that focusing on the everyday process that students and teachers go through is the way to go.

8.2. discrimination2.) 1; Teacher Behavior: In my opinion, I believe that teacher behavior has quite possibly the largest impact on a student. Because how the teacher acts, is how the student will respond. i.e. if the teacher acts terrible, the student will act terrible. 2.) Tracking I also believe has a large impact on students and to an extent I believe that placing students on their "perceived" abilities and intellect can sometimes lead to bad situations for the students. 3.) Gender discrimination can also play a rather large part in how students act. If a male teacher has a disctrimination against female students or vice versa, that can ultimately lead to issues. 4.) Racial prejudice has often been the stem of a lot of the issues surrounding education, whether it be against blacks, Hispanics, or other ethnicities, racial inequality or prejudice has always been there in education and whether or not we see it today, it is still there. 5.) Finally, the key issue in where a majority of the problems stem from in schools, is the schools themselves. Most of the time, when a school is lacking in one department or another, it leads to poor teaching conditions, which leads to poor teachers, and in turn leads to poor learning enviroments for the students.

9. Educational Reform Chapter 10

9.1. 1.) Teacher Education: This means that teachers are required to have a certain education before the state board of education will allow them to teach in their respective schools. Privatization: What happened when privatization was implemented meant that privately funded schools through cities, groups, or businesses were allowed to be created and allowed those certain groups to set the curriculum standards.

9.2. 2.) A: School Finance Reform -- This essentially led to the higher financing of public schools and led to better learning conditions for the students, and better and equal pay for teachers. B: Harlem's children Zone -- This reform was centered around preparing kids from the Harlem school district for college. It was widely believed that children were deprived of an equal education and this reform was centered around fixing that problem.