How Governments Can Mitigate Climate Change.

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How Governments Can Mitigate Climate Change. by Mind Map: How Governments Can Mitigate Climate Change.

1. Reduce Energy Use

1.1. Education campaigns on ways to reduce energy consumption; this is discussed in Civil society and corporate strategies

1.2. Increase the use of renewable energy sources in electricity generation, making electric cars even more effective

1.3. Introduce legislation for emission-control technologies on vehicles to reduce the level of GHG emissions, for example catalytic converters.

1.4. Use economic incentives such as providing an emission tax for people/companies that emit too much or providing subsidies to those that emit less

2. Replace Fossil Fuels

2.1. Start introducing renewable energy sources such as: solar, wind, hydro and geothermal.

2.2. Provide incentives to not use fossil fuels or simply ban or tax the process all together.

2.3. As renewable's are usually quite expensive and, generally, only profitable in the long-term, education must be reformed/improved to grant a greater awareness of the CC threat.

3. Reducing Emissions From Transport

3.1. International agreement set goals that are adopted into national policies (e.g. Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement)

3.2. Legislation can be used to set stringent emission standards for industry, power generation and vehicles; many countries have vehicle emissions standards that must be met before new vehicles can be sold

3.3. Planning regulations can promote alternatives to private car use, for example incorporation of cycle paths.

4. Reduce Emissions From Agriculture

4.1. Adding nitrification inhibitors to fertiliser to reduce nitrous oxide production.

4.2. Reducing methane generation from livestock by: selective breeding to have cattle that produce less methane and/or changing the feedstock.

4.3. Collecting and utilising methane emissions from biodegradation of animal waste as a source of energy.

4.4. Develop crops that can grow in drier conditions with higher yields to reduce methane emissions.