What does gender equality relate to/ what has it changed?

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What does gender equality relate to/ what has it changed? by Mind Map: What does  gender equality relate to/ what has it changed?

1. In 1975, the EU clarified a law that declared equal pay for both women and men.

2. In 1995, Hillary Clinton spoke at the women's rights conference held in Bejing, China."If there is one message that echoes forth from this conference, let it be that human rights are women's rights and women's rights are human rights, once and for all."

3. It was originally passed in 1957, when the EU (at the time the EEC) was founded, but wasn't exactly followed until 1975.

3.1. Why wasn't the law followed?

3.1.1. The Conservative Government of 1970 -1974 didn’t choose to bring it into force so it was reenacted in 1975 as a Schedule to the Sex Discrimination Act once Labour was back in power.

3.2. Obama administration In 2009, President Obama signed the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act, permitting women to sue employers for unfair pay up to 180 days after receiving an unfair paycheck. On 29 January 2016, he signed an executive order obliging all companies with at least 100 employees to disclose the pay of all workers to the federal government, with breakdowns of pay by race, gender, and ethnicity. The goal is to encourage employers to give equal pay for equal work by increasing transparency.[42]wiki/Equal_pay_for_equal_work

4. When did women have the right to decide what to do with their child?

4.1. In 1968, as part of the conference on human rights, reproductive rights became human rights.

5. What are some milestones that were set by women?

5.1. In 1983, Jerrie Cob was put through astronaut testing and was the first American woman to be sent into space by NASA.

5.1.1. in 1890, wymoning was the first state to allow women to vote in all elections.

5.2. In 1928, at the olympics in Amsterdam, women were included in athletics.

5.2.1. Nancy Astor was the first woman to sit in British parliament in 1919. She was incredibly important in breaking down barriers in women's politics

5.3. In 1903, Marie Currie was the first woman to recive a nobel peace prize.

5.3.1. Amelia Earhart was the first women to fly solo across the Atlantic in 1928

6. When were women allowed to work with equal pay?

7. Who was in charge reproductive rights before women had full rights?

7.1. What are reproductive rights?

7.1.1. "Reproductive rights" are the rights of individuals to decide whether to reproduce and have reproductive health. This may include an individual's right to plan a family, terminate a pregnancy, use contraceptives, learn about sex education in public schools, and gain access to reproductive health services. What are Reproductive Rights? - FindLaw

7.1.2. Women's reproductive rights may include some or all of the following: the right to legal and safe abortion; the right to birth control; freedom from coerced sterilization and contraception; the right to access good-quality reproductive healthcare; and the right to education and access. wiki/Reproductive_rights

8. How does gender equality relate to education?

8.1. There are 3 countries were over 1 million girls do not go to school. Those countries are Pakistan, Ethiopia and Nigeria.

8.1.1. What are some examples of girls trying to go to school in these places? In Pakistan, a girl named Malala was shot in the head on her way to school. she recovered, and moved on to co-auther a book called " I am Malala ".

8.2. Gender equality and education

9. What are some gender stereotypes?

9.1. What is a stereotype?

9.1.1. A stereotype is an image or a boundary that is set, that is placed around what you can or cannot do, or what you can or cannot be/become. Gender stereotypes

9.2. Some common gender stereotypes are: Personality traits — For example, women are often expected to be accommodating and emotional, while men are usually expected to be self-confident and aggressive.

9.3. Domestic behaviors — For example, some people expect that women will take care of the children, cook, and clean the home, while men take care of finances, work on the car, and do the home repairs.

9.4. Occupations — Some people are quick to assume that teachers and nurses are women, and that pilots, doctors, and engineers are men.

9.4.1. Gender Identity & Roles | Feminine Traits & Stereotypes

9.5. Physical appearance — For example, women are expected to be thin and graceful, while men are expected to be tall and muscular. Men and women are also expected to dress and groom in ways that are stereotypical to their gender (men wearing pants and short hairstyles, women wearing dresses and make-up.

10. What is the difference between gender equality and gender equity?

10.1. Gender equity means fairness of treatment for women and men, according to their respective needs.

10.2. Gender equality "means that women and men, and girls and boys, enjoy the same rights, resources, opportunities and protections.

10.2.1. Gender equality is the state in which access to rights and opportunities is not affected by gender.

11. What laws were passed for gender equality?

11.1. In 1923, the first equal rights amendment was passed: Men and women shall have equal rights throughout the United States and every place object to its jurisdiction.

11.1.1. Before that, in 1873, the Supreme Court ruled that married women could not practice law. In my opinion, because men were named "breadwinners" and women were supposed to stay home, cook, clean and do house work.

12. At the UN general assembly, Emma Watson said: Men … Gender equality is your issue, too. Because to date, I’ve seen my father’s role as a parent being valued less by society. I’ve seen young men suffering from mental illness, unable to ask for help for fear it would make them less of a man.

12.1. How has gender equality/ inequality changed peoples lives?

12.2. Gender equality affects not only women, but men too.

12.2.1. In the UK, suicide. is the biggest cause of death for men ageing from 20-49.

12.2.2. Men commit suicide because they feel that they have to "be a man and not confess their feelings to anyone.

13. Gender equality in sports

13.1. How does gender equality relate to sports?

13.1.1. Sexism is the belief that one sex ( usually male), is of superiority to the other.

13.1.2. When playing sports, many girls are subjected to sexism. I interviewed a few girls who all said that they had faced sexism while playing sports. Some examples of this are remarks like "you got beaten by a girl" or " she doesn't know how to play" or "you run like a girl", which is meant as an insult. Many times in history, women's sports did not get as much attention as mens sports

14. How did rights change between black and white women?

14.1. In the 1800's, the women's rights moment and the Black rights movement shared many members, ambitions and approaches. despite their similarities,

14.1.1. As NACW’s founding president, Mary Church Terrell passionately championed social reform and ending discrimination. She saw voting rights as essential to equality but argued that--for black women--access to education and employment was equally important. She condemed African American women’s double bind when she said, “Colored women are the only group in this country who have two heavy handicaps to overcome, that of race as well as that of sex.”

14.2. In 1849 to 1950,rasism and segregation was at their strongest points, and so segregated schools where created.

14.3. African-American women dealt not only with sexism of being withheld to vote but also the racism of white suffragists African-American women's suffrage movement - Wikipedia

14.3.1. What was going on in the world at these times (timeline) that had to do with segregation?

15. What jobs were women offered/ what did women do?

15.1. Women were mostly taken in as dress makers, and would finish sewing dresses in factories, and finished shoes.

15.2. They also worked in domestic services e.g. housekeepers,nannys etc.

15.3. While these jobs were typically employed by women, they also tended to stay home and work there, and the men were the "bread bringers".

15.3.1. In the 19th century ( and early 20th century), women were expected to work in order to help support their families. Mostly, only middle class women worked, because the nobility didn't have to. What were women doing in the war? When men left to fight in the war, women were recruited into "men's jobs". New jobs were also created, such as ammunition factories to support the war effort. When these jobs were taken in, the women were paid less than the men were. This lead to the first few equal pay campaigns. What happened when men returned from the war? As servicemen returned from the war and reclaimed the available jobs, the numbers of women workers in industry and trade declined. Women were forced to take up jobs in domestic service or face benefits being cut by the government. Some new 'women's jobs' were created in emerging industries - mostly low paid, repetitive, shift work. Striking Women

16. What global issues relate to my project?

16.1. One global issue that relates to mine is fairness in the judiciary system.

16.2. The judiciary system did not allow women to be in the jury until 1957.

17. Another global issue that relates to mine is corruption.

17.1. Corruption relates to my global issue because if someone is raised in a household or a community were boys are superior to girls, and one day that person becomes the president or the prime minister, they may do something that will effect gender equality,

18. Why is gender equality important?

18.1. ( This is a group question)