Unit 1 Grammar: the essentials

Get Started. It's Free
or sign up with your email address
Rocket clouds
Unit 1 Grammar: the essentials by Mind Map: Unit 1  Grammar: the essentials

1. Tenses and Concordance

1.1. TENSES

1.1.1. Past: Methodology and Results

1.1.2. Future: Things that may happen in the future.

1.2. CONCORDANCE

1.2.1. Two essential parts of sentece: the subject (person or thing) and the verb (main action).

2. The Article, the Noun and the Adjectivation

2.1. COUNTABLE NOUNS

2.1.1. Singular

2.1.1.1. Definite: THE

2.1.1.2. Indefinite: A, AN

2.1.2. Plural

2.1.2.1. Definite: THE

2.1.2.2. Indefinite: —

2.2. UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS

2.2.1. Singular

2.2.1.1. Definite: THE

2.2.1.2. Indefinite: —

2.3. ADJECTIVATION

2.3.1. Adjectives + Nouns

2.3.2. Adverbs + Adjectives

2.3.3. Qualifying adjectives must be avoided in scientific writing.

3. Passives and Actives

3.1. ACTIVE

3.2. PASSIVE

3.2.1. Complement of the sentence takes the action

3.2.2. To form the passive: Be + Past Participle

3.2.3. Why passive form is used in scientific writing?

3.2.3.1. Present: Introduction, Conclusions, Results and General findings.

3.2.3.2. It lets the facts stand on their own.

3.2.3.3. Removes some accusations of bias (who did it, how many did it).

3.2.3.4. Presents an ‘air’ (or feeling) of logic.

4. Connectors

4.1. COORDINATION

4.1.1. Coordinating conjunctions join terms that are equals.

4.1.1.1. AND, OR, BUT, FOR, NOR, SO, YET

4.2. SUBORDINATION

4.2.1. Subordinating conjunctions show inequality or a relationship of dependence or limitation.

4.2.1.1. IF, AS, WHEN, BECAUSE

4.3. SPECIALIZED LINKING WORDS

4.3.1. To signal a reinforcement of ideas (e.g. also, in other words, in addition, for example, moreover more importantly).

4.3.2. To signal a change in ideas (e.g. but, on the other hand, however, instead, yet, in contrast, although, nevertheless

4.3.3. To signal a conclusion (e.g. thus, therefore, accordingly, in conclusion, finally).

5. Subject takes the action

6. Spelling Conventions and Accuracy

6.1. Use a spellchecker.

6.2. Use a Dictionary of Scientific Terms.

6.3. Do not use unnecessary commas.

6.4. Proofread carefully is very important.