Child with abnormal facies

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Child with abnormal facies by Mind Map: Child with abnormal facies

1. developmental theories

1.1. Psychosexual Theories

1.1.1. by

1.1.1.1. Sigmund Freud

1.1.1.1.1. types

1.2. Psychosocial Development

1.2.1. by

1.2.1.1. Erikson

1.2.1.1.1. types

2. Chromosome

2.1. made of

2.1.1. DNA & protine ( Histone )

2.2. distinguished by

2.2.1. length

2.2.2. banding

2.2.2.1. light band (-)

2.2.2.2. dark band (+)

2.3. fluorescence In situ Hybridization

2.3.1. used to

2.3.1.1. examine the presence or obscene of DNA

3. screening

3.1. types

3.1.1. Preconception

3.1.2. peri-conception

3.1.3. neonatal

4. preventation

4.1. e.g.

4.1.1. healthy diet ( healthy weight)

4.1.2. intake vit + mineral ( folic acid )

4.1.3. avoid alcohol + tobacco

4.1.4. avoid travel + live in place contain infection

4.1.5. Eliminate environmental hazard

4.1.6. Vaccines

4.1.6.1. like

4.1.6.1.1. against rubella virus

5. Prenatal diagnosis

5.1. types

5.1.1. non-invasive

5.1.1.1. such as

5.1.1.1.1. Ultrasound

5.1.2. Invasive

5.1.2.1. such as

5.1.2.1.1. maternal serum screening

5.1.2.1.2. Amniocentesis

5.1.2.1.3. Chorionic villous sampling

6. couses

6.1. Genetic factors

6.1.1. such as

6.1.1.1. chromosomal abnormalities

6.1.1.1.1. types

6.1.1.2. mutations

6.2. Environmental factors

6.2.1. such as

6.2.1.1. radiation

6.2.1.2. chemical agents

6.2.1.2.1. e.g,

6.2.1.3. viruses

6.2.1.4. heavy metals

6.2.1.4.1. e.g.

6.3. multifactorial inheritance

6.3.1. such as

6.3.1.1. genetic + Environmental

6.4. Socioeconomic & demographic factor

6.4.1. such as

6.4.1.1. low income

6.4.1.2. maternal age

6.5. maternal nutrition status

6.6. infections

6.6.1. such as

6.6.1.1. Rubella

6.6.1.2. cytomegalovirus

6.6.1.3. herpes simplex

6.6.1.4. toxoplasmosis

6.6.1.5. syphilis

7. Chromosomal abnormalities

7.1. types

7.1.1. numerical

7.1.1.1. polyploidy

7.1.1.1.1. types

7.1.1.2. aneuploidy

7.1.1.2.1. types

7.1.2. structural

7.1.2.1. due to

7.1.2.1.1. deletion

7.1.2.1.2. Duplication

7.1.2.1.3. inversion

7.1.2.1.4. translocation

8. level of neonatal care

8.1. level 1

8.1.1. basic levels of low risk infant care

8.2. level 2

8.2.1. special care nurseries

8.3. level 3

8.3.1. care with cases of differing complexities