Imperialism and WW1

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Imperialism and WW1 by Mind Map: Imperialism and WW1

1. Imperialism

1.1. Late 19th century Early 20th century

1.1.1. Developed countries Took control of Regions all over the world Colonial empires They were Areas of Largest ones

2. Imperialism Expansion

2.1. Causes

2.1.1. Finance Capitalism

2.1.2. Rapid industrial development

2.1.3. Colonies provided industrilised countries with Cheap raw materials New markets Sell manufactured goods

2.1.4. Symbol of international prestige Most powerful countries Competed to control

2.1.5. Attractive destination for European emigrants Growing population Machines replaced workers Emigrated to look for

2.2. Consequences

2.2.1. Colonies controlled by a minority Imposed European culture

2.2.2. Native people Second class status Racial segregation

2.2.3. Rivalry between imperial powers WWI

2.2.4. Imbalanced world economy Wealthy nations controlled and exploited Less developed countries

3. The First World War

3.1. Great war

3.1.1. Between 1914-1918

3.2. War between

3.2.1. Various European Countries And their colonies African and Asian colonies too

3.2.2. The US

3.2.3. China

3.2.4. Japan

3.2.5. Latin American Republics This is why it was considered a World War

3.3. Causes of the War

3.3.1. During the Armed Peace Conflicts between countries For the control of areas Austro-Hungarian Empire- Russia France-German Empire G.B-German Empire

3.3.2. Pre-War atmosphere European powers Increase spending on arms Goverments Through the press Pacifist movements 2nd international Catholic church Failed

4. Phases of the war

4.1. Initial German offensives

4.1.1. Germany put the Schlieffen plan into effect Invading Belgium North of France When France was defeated German advanced to Russia It didn't succed because France and G.B stopped German troops Japan occupied German colonies in Asia

4.2. Trench Warfare

4.2.1. Both sides focused on defending positions They build trenches Used new weapons Machine guns Heavy artillery Tanks Continued attacking the same place

4.3. Incorporation and withdrawal of allies

4.3.1. 1917 US joined the war Allies Political and social revolution in Russia Russia withdraw from the war

4.4. End of the War

4.4.1. 1918

4.4.2. Help of american troops and weapons Allies won

4.4.3. Central powers seek peace because of Exhaustion Ever-increasing lack of resources

4.4.4. Wilhelm II abdicated

4.4.5. 11 November 1918 Armistice was signed

5. Society during war

5.1. Young men

5.1.1. conscripted or recruited Into armed forces

5.2. Women had to leave their homes

5.2.1. Fill position men left First time Women allowed to do jobs in economic sectors

6. Consequences of the war

6.1. Social consequences

6.1.1. Decrease in population

6.1.2. Destruction of cities

6.1.3. Incorporation of women in workplce Women began to fight for rights Many women had to return to their homes

6.1.4. Loss of Europe's economic power Material losses US became the world's leading economic power

6.2. Territorial consequences

6.2.1. Austro Hungarian Empire Austria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia

6.2.2. Russian Empire Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Finland and Poland.

6.2.3. German Empire the German Republic, part of Czechoslovakia and part of Poland.

6.2.4. Ottoman Empire Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Syria, Iraq, part of Arabia and Palestine.

6.2.5. Italy lost some territory to Yugoslavia received Trieste from the former Austro-Hungarian Empire.

7. Imperialism

7.1. Tense international relationships

7.1.1. Rivalries France Germany

7.2. Industrialised countries

7.2.1. Big productions

7.2.2. Colonisation Raw materials

7.3. Consumer society

7.3.1. Social inequalities Economic crisis

8. Politics: tension in Europe

8.1. 1870-1914

8.1.1. Political tension

8.1.2. No armed conflicts Although Increase in production

8.2. Germany's foreign policy

8.2.1. Bismarck Alliances With To prevent

8.2.2. Wilhelm II Dismissed Bismarck Starts a expansionist period Tension with European countries

9. First World War

9.1. 28th June 1914

9.1.1. Archduke Franz Ferdinand Assassinated in Sarajevo Shot by a young Bosnian Serb nationalist Austrian Government blamed Serbia

9.1.2. Austro Hungarian Empire Declared war to Serbia

9.2. Alliances during the WW1

9.2.1. Countries supported sides Based on their own interests Pre-existing alliances

9.2.2. Central powers Austro-Hungarian Empire German Empire Ottoman Empire

9.2.3. The allies Serbia Triple Entente France Great Britain Russian Empire Belgium Japan Italy Romania US Greece Portugal China Latin American republics

9.2.4. In 1915 Italy abandoned neutrality Joined allies

10. War economy

10.1. Industrial sector

10.1.1. Production of military equipment Weapons Cannons Planes Uniforms

10.1.2. Agricultural and consumer goods decreased There weren't enough laborers Shortages of products Prices increased

10.1.3. Governments intervened To control the distribution of basic goods Food Rationing was introduced

11. Peace settlement

11.1. Paris Peace conference

11.1.1. Decide peace conditios Imposed on defeated countries

11.2. US president Wilson

11.2.1. 14 points Based on creating a league of Nations Democratic states Freedom of trade Respect for a nation's right for self determination

11.3. Five separate treaties

11.3.1. Signed for each of the defeated country

11.4. Germany

11.4.1. Prohibition of Heavy artillery Planes Submarines

11.4.2. Payment of huge economic reparations

11.4.3. Reduction of its territories Alsace and Lorraine to France

11.4.4. Demilitarization of the region of Rhineland

11.4.5. Division of its eastern territories Poland had access to the sea