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Alcohol Use by Mind Map: Alcohol Use

1. Low: Anna who is 15 years old is celebrating Chinese New Year on Saturday with her family members at home in Australia. As part their tradition her parents offer her to drink 50ml of wine as a celebration. She tried a little bit of wine before under parental supervision only on special occasions and never had any negative reactions. She also likes the taste of it but this is the most she has ever taken.

1.1. Consequences of risk taking behaviour

1.1.1. Physically: The risk taking behaviour in this scenario is consuming 50ml of wine, which Anna has never done before. Although she might not have had any negative reactions from drinking wine before, however this is beyond her normal limit. Therefore, she might have allergy reactions, vomit, abdominal pain, diarrhoea or nasal congestion.

1.1.2. Socially: Due to the physical consequences that may occur from consuming more wine than before. Her parents may forbid her to drink wine or only allow her to drink less than 50ml of wine from now on. Her friends are not likely to invite her to any alcohol based parties with the knowledge of her low alcohol tolerance.

1.1.3. Emotionally: Due the social aspect of consequences, her friends excluding her for alcohol based parties may cause misunderstandings. It is also very likely for her to loose her friendship group, the worst case scenario would be falling into depression.

1.2. Influence Factors

1.2.1. Individual Influence: This influenced Anna to take 50ml of wine because she had experiences in drinking little quantities of wine before and she likes the taste of it. She also know that she never had any potential effects on her body from previous consumptions of wine. Furthermore, because it is on a Saturday, this will not effect her commitment to her school work tomorrow. Hence, this influenced her to try 50ml of wine this time.

1.2.2. Social-cultural Influence: Her parents influenced her as they granted her the permission to drink 50ml of wine, thus they think it is fine to let Anna drink because she is under parental supervision. Chinese New Year is also part of her culture and tradition, and because it is acceptable of her to drink on special occasions like this, therefore, this also influenced her to drink.

1.2.3. Political Influence: Anna is influenced to drink because it is not illegal to drink wine in a private residence underage with the supervision of an adult.

1.2.4. Environmental Influence: Anna is in her parent's home, thus it is safe for her to drink. If a negative reaction occurs due to consuming 50ml of wine for the first time, there are always help available because she is with her family. They are able to send her to health services if something goes wrong. Therefore, the environmental factor influenced Anna to drink.

2. Moderate: Jacque who is 18 years old is at her best friend's house for a birthday party on a Sunday night. She knows everyone there and her friend offers (bought by the parents) her 200ml of wine because she is the only one who is 18, her friend thinks it's unique to let Jacque drink wine at her party. Jacque is keen to try however she has never tried alcohol before. Her parents will be picking her up at her friend's house after the party and they do not like her to be drinking alcohol.

2.1. Consequences of risk taking behaviour

2.1.1. Physically: Because it is the first time Jacque tries alcohol, especially with a fair bit of quantity, it is highly likely that she might have negative reactions to it which includes, fainting, dizziness, vomiting, pain or soreness in the body. Also she doesn't know if she's alcohol tolerant and is allergic to it, thus it would be a risky behaviour. Additionally, because she drank the alcohol on a Sunday night, the alcohol will remain in her body system until Monday, she may feel tired or dizzy during school which will eventually affect her school and other activities' commitments.

2.1.2. Socially: Friends at school might look at her differently because she took alcohol. If her parents found out that she had taken wine at the party, they might prevent her from going to any alcohol based events or parties, it is likely that she will now be confined to only non-alcoholic parties and events.

2.1.3. Emotionally: Due to the social aspect, she might feel excluded at school with particular friendship groups who do not tolerate alcohol drinkers. She might feel down and miserable because her parents have prohibited her from going to alcohol based events.

2.2. Influence Factors

2.2.1. Individual Influence: This influenced Jacque to drink 200ml of wine because she is curious to try alcohol for the first time in her life and to see if she likes it or not. Furthermore, given the privilege of being the only 18 year old at the party, even though her parents does not like her consuming alcohol, others may find her more interesting and unique.

2.2.2. Social- cultural Influence: She is with her best friend and she thinks Jacque should drink some alcohol at her party. This puts pressure on Jacque, however, because she is with her close friend, this influenced her to drink the 200ml of wine.

2.2.3. Political Influence: Jacque is 18 years old, which means it is legal for her to drink any types of alcohol. Hence, this also influenced her to drink.

2.2.4. Environmental Influence: Jacque is at her best friend's house, so if something goes wrong, she can send her to nearby health services. In addition, her parents will be picking her up after the party, so she will get home safely. This allowed her to drink at the party.

2.2.5. Socioeconomic Influence: Jacque is influenced to drink because her best friend's parents bought the drinks for her. Thus because she did not buy the wine herself, it is worth giving it a try with no loss.

3. High: Jack who is 18 is at a classmate's birthday party of 100 people on a Wednesday night. He knows only a few of his close friends there and they are planning to walk home together. Jack has never drank alcohol so his friends suggested him to try. They drank 200 ml of wine each at the party. He soon grew addicted to the alcohol. Even though he is not feeling well, he bought another 600ml of wine for 50 dollars using all his lunch time money this week and drank it. As they walked back home which is 2km away, he falls into an argument with his friends.

3.1. Influence Factors

3.1.1. Individual Influence: Jack tries alcohol for the first time out of curiosity. He likes it very much. Therefore he buys an additional 600ml of wine because he thinks it's right and feeling a little bit sick would not potentially damage his body.

3.1.2. Social-cultural Influence: Jack's close friends all drink alcohol and wish him to do so too, hence Jack is being pressured in order to fit in. Therefore, he is influenced to drink.

3.1.3. Political Influence: Jack is 18 years old which means he is allowed to drink alcohol. He is not drink driving home therefore he will not receive any penalties and fines. So this factors allows him to drink.

3.1.4. Socioeconomic Influence: Even though he used all his lunch time money (which means he will not be able to buy lunch), he can afford to buy 600ml of wine. Which influences him to drink.

3.1.5. Environmental Influence: Although Jack is at a classmate's party, he is with some of his close friends who can walk him home or to nearby health services. Thus, this influenced him to drink the wine.

3.2. Consequences of risk taking behaviour

3.2.1. Physically: Jack has taken 800ml of wine in total, he is not feeling well and he has to walk 2km home. This is highly dangerous as he might faint or go unconscious and anything can happen walking 2km home. It is likely that he is drunk and may cause a street fight with his other friends due to the uprising argument. This will injure many people or even kill (from punching). Furthermore, because it is Wednesday, he still has to go to school tomorrow, however due to the large quantities of alcohol he consumed, the alcohol will remain in his body system. The hangover can be headaches, tiredness and dizziness which may have a negative impact on his academic and other activities' performances.

3.2.2. Socially: From the argument with his friends, it is probable that his friends will distance themselves away from him.

3.2.3. Economically: Because Jack has become addicted alcohol, it is predicted that he will spend most of his money on alcohol which can make him economically unstable.

3.2.4. Emotionally: Drinking alot of alcohol can make a person to be emotionally unstable. From the possible outcomes of physical, social and economical consequences we can infer that Jack will be emotionally unstable. Which can cause high stress and anxiety levels or maybe depression.

4. Extreme: Ross is 22 years old, he currently works as an employee at a bank with an average wage of 2000 dollars per week. He attended a party with a friend in the city on a Wednesday night. His friend and him drank 6 shots (300ml) of vodka because they love the drink, costing them 100 dollars each. He usually have more but today his friend insists him to drive him home afterwards. Ross's home is 3km away and he doesn't think the police will catch him, so he agrees but feels a little bit sleepy.

4.1. Influence Factors:

4.1.1. Individual Influence: The individual factor influenced Ross because he loves drinking Vodka. In his values he believes that he will be fine driving his friend home after consuming the drink and his knowledge tells him that this will not potentially harm his body. This influenced him to drink 6 shots and send his friend home.

4.1.2. Social-cultural Influence: Ross's friend thinks it's alright for Ross to send him home, thus the friend is relying on him even though Ross had 6 shots of Vodka. Thus he is pressured to do his 'duty' to not disappoint his friend.

4.1.3. Political Influence: Even though drink driving is illegal and Ross is clear of the fines and penalties, he thinks he is able to get away with it this time and the police will not catch him. Which influenced him to drink and drive.

4.1.4. Socioeconomic Influence: Ross earns a decent wage of 2000 dollars a week, therefore he is able to buy the Vodka which is 100 dollars. Therefore, this influenced him to buy the drink.

4.1.5. Environmental Influence: This influenced Ross because he is with a friend he knows and with his house only 3km away, he thinks he is able to drive home or to a nearby health service even though he had Vodka.

4.2. Consequences of risk taking behaviour

4.2.1. Physically: Ross is already feeling a little bit sleepy from 6 shots of vodka, yet he agrees to drive his friend home. This is extremely dangerous as he is totally drunk and nearly in unconscious state. It is highly likely that an accident will occur which can potentially cause injuries or deaths to both Ross and his friend, these include head injuries such as skull fractures or back injuries such as spinal cord damage. Even if he succeeds to send him and his friend home, he will have a hangover on Thursday which can impact on his work quality.

4.2.2. Legally: Ross driving the car after 6 shots of Vodka is against the law. If he is caught by the police, it can be a 2523-3532 dollars fine and a 3-12 months of license disqualification, which would be written on his credit.

4.2.3. Socially: After the accident and penalty, many friends will try to avoid or exclude him because he did something that was morally incorrect. He can potentially lose his current job which then will be even harder to find a better one.

4.2.4. Emotionally: Ross will very likely to be depressed or even wish to suicide from the physical, legal and social factors that may impact him.

5. Code Red: Alice is a high school student who is 17 years old. She attended a party in a very rural area on a Monday night. She does not know anyone and plans to drive home by herself because there are no public transportations. She is currently on cocaine and is addicted to large quantities of alcohol with no side effect. However that night was the first time she took both 0.5mg of cocaine and 5 shots of vodka with a total of 150 dollars she took from her parents' wallet. This is because she saw other people doing it and thought it would be cool if she tried. She feels a little bit dizzy afterwards and her home is 50km away.

5.1. Influence Factors:

5.1.1. Individual Influence: Alice likes to consume cocaine and large quantities of alcohol. She's also curious about the outcome of taking both the drug and the alcohol at the same time. Additionally, others might find her more interesting if she did so. Furthermore, in her values she believes its fine to take drugs and alcohol. From previous knowledge about consuming the two products, she thinks taking cocaine and vodka at the same time will continue to not have any potential effects to her body. Hence, the individual factor allowed her to take drugs and alcohol at the same time.

5.1.2. Social- cultural Influence: Because Alice has drunk large quantities of vodka and cocaine, her gender is in a vulnerable position especially in a party where she doesn't know anyone. However it is evident that she does not think she will get raped or harassed, which influenced her to continue to take cocaine and vodka at the same time.

5.1.3. Political Influence: By taking drugs, and drink driving, Alice is committing two offences. However she has got away with it many times and she is in a rural area, thus she doesn't think she will get caught by authorities. Thus, it influenced her.

5.1.4. Socioeconomic Influence: Although she stole the money from her parents, she is able to afford to buy the products she needed. Which impacted her to take cocaine and vodka.

5.1.5. Environmental Influence: Alice is in a rural area so she believes she will not be penalised by the authority. Even though she will not have any access to nearby heath services, she thinks is driving home is the safest because there are no other transportations to get home in the rural environment. This influenced her to drink drive.

5.2. Consequences of risk taking behaviour

5.2.1. Physically: Consuming 0.5mg of cocaine and 5 shots of vodka is horrifyingly dangerous as it can give Alice heart attacks, fits or even sudden deaths. Especially in a rural area, it is even more difficult to find health services. Furthermore, driving when she has consumed both drug and alcohol is even more dangerous. The sudden negative affects might occur when she is driving and she can easily hit a pedestrian or collide with another car, which can potentially kill both. Even if she successfully drive 50km home, she will definitely have a hangover which will essentially impact her academic and other activities' results.

5.2.2. Legally: Alice has committed two offences, she is taking drugs and she is drink driving. If she is caught by the authorities, she will be jailed for minimum of 1 year and a 1000 dollar fine and an additional 2523-3532 dollars fine and 3-12 months of license disqualification for drink driving, which will then be written on her credits.

5.2.3. Socially: From her credits, it is probable that she will get expelled from her current school, it will be harder to find another school that will accept her. Many of her classmates or friends will avoid or exclude her due to her outrageous behaviour.

5.2.4. Emotionally: From the consequences in physical, social and legal aspects, it is apparent that Alice will ever have a stable living and lifestyle.This will inevitably effect her emotional health which often leads to depression, anxiety, stress or suicide.

5.2.5. Economically: When she grows up it will be even more difficult to find a job due to her credits for her to earn a stable living. Thus it is likely that she will be economically deprived.