"Migrants" by Roberta Miscia

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Migrants by Mind Map: Migrants

1. Migrants, i. e. people living and working outside their home country, are particularly vulnerable to human rights violations. They often endure appalling conditions, being forced to long sea voyages, frequently ending up in tragedies. Many of them, after fleeing criminality, poverty, or environmental disasters lack any form of protection.

2. Large numbers of migrants, after coming ashore in foreign countries, are carried to live in overcrowded and filthy detention centres, often indefinitely.

3. The migrants' needs for integration and mutual trust are inevitably frustrated by: exclusion from the labour market, housing, health and education services, which proves the "host countries" incapacity to address and satisfy their basic needs responsibly.

4. In most countries, immigration authorities have the power to hold non-citizens on grounds relating to a person’s migration situation. This is an administrative or civil power that operates separately to the powers given to the police and criminal courts. Article 4 of the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture defines deprivation of liberty as “any form of detention or imprisonment or the placement of a person in a public or private custodial setting which that person is not permitted to leave at will by order of any judicial, administrative or other authority.” Immigration detention can occur at different times. It can occur when migration authorities first come in to contact with a person and they are unable to establish their identity or valid migration status.