Create your own awesome maps

Even on the go

with our free apps for iPhone, iPad and Android

Get Started

Already have an account?
Log In

Intelligence- a person's ability to make good decisions, understand and react to thought provoking questions, and possess a genuine joy of learning by Mind Map: Intelligence- a person
0.0 stars - 0 reviews range from 0 to 5

Intelligence- a person's ability to make good decisions, understand and react to thought provoking questions, and possess a genuine joy of learning

Components

adaptive-the child has the ability to react and respond in making good decisions

learning ability-able to learn at a quicker rate

prior knowledge-analyze and understand new situations

passion-students seek out new situations and create their own learning experiences

How do children acquire intelligence?

Hereditary- speed of processing depends on neurological efficiency and maturation controlled by genetics

Environmental-parental involvement, introduction to learning activities at home, nutrition, exposure to toxic substances, early intervention, socioeconomic status and enrollment in formal schooling

Questions/Critiques

What are the theoretical perspectives?

Spearmen-peoples performance depends on the general and specific factors the test involves

Cattell-people differ in fluid and crystallized intelligence

Gardner-believes people possess multiple intelligences, 8 Intelligences include linguistic, logical-mathematical, spatial, musical, bodily-kinesthetic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and naturalist

Sternberg-focus on nature of intelligence, Intelligent behavior involves cognitive processes, environmental context, and prior experience

How is it measured?

Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children

Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales

Universal Nonverbal Intelligence Test, items include symbolic memory, spatial memory, object memory, cube design, analogic reasoning, and mazes

Specific Ability Tests-developed to assess specific cognitive abilities

Dynamic Assessment-having a child perform particular tasks, then offering instruction and guidance relative to the task, and then determining if the help was beneficial

Apgar Scale-1 to 5 minutes after birth a doctor or nurse evaluates their color, heart rate, reflexes, muscle tone and respiration

What are the developmental trends in IQ scores?

IQ scores become increasingly stable

IQ scores become increasingly better predictors of future achievement

Do gender differences exist?

On average males and females are equivalent in general intellectual ability

What are the ethnic and racial differences?

ethnic and racial differences appear in preschool and persist through childhood and adolescence