Classification of Consonants

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Classification of Consonants by Mind Map: Classification of Consonants

1. /b/

1.1. bilabial

1.2. voiced

1.3. Manner of articulation

1.3.1. stop

1.4. Examples

1.4.1. bet

1.4.2. robe

1.5. Stop

1.5.1. aspirated

1.5.1.1. [b°]

1.5.1.1.1. crab

2. /p/

2.1. bilabial

2.2. voiceless

2.3. Manner of articulation

2.3.1. stop

2.4. Examples

2.4.1. pet

2.4.2. rope

2.5. Stops

2.5.1. aspirated (allophones)

2.5.1.1. [p°]

2.5.1.1.1. cup

2.5.2. unreleased

2.5.2.1. [pʰ]

2.5.2.1.1. pen

3. /d/

3.1. alveolar

3.2. voiced

3.3. Manner of articulation

3.3.1. stop

3.4. Examples

3.4.1. seed

3.4.2. lead

4. /t/

4.1. alveolar

4.2. voiceless

4.3. Manner of articulation

4.3.1. stop

4.4. Examples

4.4.1. ten

4.4.2. seat

4.5. Stops

4.5.1. aspirated

4.5.1.1. [t°]

4.5.1.1.1. flight

4.5.2. unreleased

4.5.2.1. [tʰ]

4.5.2.1.1. take

4.6. [ɾ]

4.6.1. "flap r"

4.6.2. matter

4.6.2.1. ['mæɾər]

5. /g/

5.1. velar

5.2. voiced

5.3. Manner of articulation

5.3.1. stop

5.4. Examples

5.4.1. glass

5.4.2. bag

5.5. Stop

5.5.1. aspirated

5.5.1.1. [g°]

5.5.1.1.1. bag

6. /k/

6.1. velar

6.2. voiceless

6.3. Manner of articulation

6.3.1. stop

6.4. Examples

6.4.1. class

6.4.2. back

6.5. Stops

6.5.1. aspirated

6.5.1.1. [k°]

6.5.1.1.1. book

6.5.2. unreleased

6.5.2.1. [kʰ]

6.5.2.1.1. cat

7. /v/

7.1. labiodental

7.2. voiced

7.3. Manner of articulation

7.3.1. fricative

7.4. Examples

7.4.1. view

7.4.2. love

8. /f/

8.1. labiodental

8.2. voiceless

8.3. Manner of articulation

8.3.1. fricative

8.4. Example

8.4.1. fault

8.4.2. leaf

9. /ð/

9.1. dental

9.2. voiced

9.3. Manner of articulation

9.3.1. fricative

9.4. Examples

9.4.1. the

9.4.2. bathe

10. /θ/

10.1. dental

10.2. voiceless

10.3. Manner of articulation

10.3.1. fricative

10.4. Examples

10.4.1. thank

10.4.2. breath

11. /z/

11.1. alveolar

11.2. voiced

11.3. Manner of articulation

11.3.1. fricative

11.4. Examples

11.4.1. prize

11.4.2. zinc

12. /s/

12.1. alveolar

12.2. voiceless

12.3. Manner of articulation

12.3.1. fricative

12.4. Examples

12.4.1. sink

12.4.2. price

13. /ʒ/

13.1. palatal

13.2. voiced

13.3. Manner of articulation

13.3.1. fricative

13.4. Examples

13.4.1. pleasure

13.4.2. massage

14. /ʃ/

14.1. palatal

14.2. voiceless

14.3. Manner of articulation

14.3.1. fricative

14.4. Examples

14.4.1. pressure

14.4.2. wish

15. /ʧ/

15.1. palatal

15.2. voiceless

15.3. Manner of articulation

15.3.1. affricate

15.4. Examples

15.4.1. choke

15.4.2. rich

16. /ʤ/

16.1. palatal

16.2. voiced

16.3. Manner of articulation

16.3.1. affricate

16.4. Examples

16.4.1. joke

16.4.2. ridge

17. /m/

17.1. bilabial

17.2. voiced

17.3. Manner of articulation

17.3.1. nasal

17.4. Examples

17.4.1. me

17.4.2. seem

18. /n/

18.1. alveolar

18.2. voiced

18.3. Manner of articulation

18.3.1. nasal

18.4. Examples

18.4.1. niece

18.4.2. sun

19. /ŋ/

19.1. velar

19.2. voiced

19.3. Manner of articulation

19.3.1. nasal

19.4. Examples

19.4.1. sing

19.4.2. singer

20. /l/

20.1. voiced

20.2. Manner of articulation

20.2.1. liquid

20.3. Examples

20.3.1. long

20.3.2. full

20.4. alveolar

20.5. [ɫ]

20.5.1. velar

20.5.2. voiced

20.5.3. Manner of articulation

20.5.3.1. liquid

20.5.4. "dark /l/ "

20.5.5. Examples

20.5.5.1. call

20.5.5.2. full

21. /r/

21.1. palatal

21.2. voiced

21.3. Manner of articulation

21.3.1. liquid

21.4. Examples

21.4.1. run

21.4.2. car

22. /w/

22.1. bilabial

22.2. voiced

22.3. Manner of aticulation

22.3.1. glide

22.4. Examples

22.4.1. win

22.4.2. away

23. /hw/

23.1. bilabial

23.2. voiced

23.3. Manner of articulation

23.3.1. glide

23.4. Examples

23.4.1. which

23.4.2. what

24. /y/

24.1. palatal

24.2. voiced

24.3. Manner of articulation

24.3.1. glide

24.4. Examples

24.4.1. you

24.4.2. soya

25. /h/

25.1. glottal

25.2. voiceless

25.3. Manner of articulation

25.3.1. glottal

25.4. Examples

25.4.1. his

25.4.2. ahead