Chapter 5 The Periodic Table

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Chapter 5 The Periodic Table by Mind Map: Chapter 5 The Periodic Table

1. 5.1 Organizing the elements-Pg 126-129

1.1. Vocabulary

1.1.1. Periodic Table Definition: An arrangement of elements in columns, based on a set of properties that repeat from row to row.

1.2. Elements are classified as: Metals, Nonmetals, and metalloids.

1.3. Mendleev's Periodic table

1.3.1. Mendleev used basic playing card to show he periodic table. he put the cards in order from ace to king and by suites. He labled each card with an element to show the periodis table.

1.4. Mendleev's Proposal

1.4.1. Mendleev's arranged the elements into rows in order of the increasing mass so that elements with similar properties were in the same column. The final arrangement was similar to winning a arrangment in solitare exepct the columns were organized by properties instead of suites.

1.5. Mendleev's Prediction

1.5.1. Mendleev could not finish his periodic table because many of the elements that we have today were never discovered. He left many spaces in his table so he had room for the elements to be discovered.

2. 5.2 The Modern Periodic Table-Pg 130-138

2.1. Vocabulary

2.1.1. Period Definition: Each row in the table of elements.

2.1.2. Group Definition: Each column on the Periodic Table.

2.1.3. Periodic Law Definition: The pattern of repeating properties.

2.1.4. Atomic Mass Unit (amu) Definition:

2.1.5. Metals Definition: Elements that are good conductors of electric current and heat.

2.1.6. Transition Metals Definition: elements that form a bridge between the elements on the left and the right sides of the table.

2.1.7. Nonmetals Definition: Elements that are poor conductors of heat and electric current.

2.1.8. Metalloids Definition: Elements with properties that fall between those of metals and nonmetals.

2.2. Link to a "picture" periodic table.

3. 5.3 Repersentative Groups Page 139-145

3.1. Vocabulary

3.1.1. Valance Electrons Definition: An electron that is in the highest occupied energy level of an atom.

3.1.2. Alkali Metals Defintion: The elements that are located in group 1A of the periodic table. This does not in could Hydrogen.

3.1.3. Alkaline Earth Metals Definition: The elements in Group 2A of the periodic table.

3.1.4. Halogens Definition: The elements in Group 7A of the periodic table.

3.1.5. Noble Gases Definition: The elements Group 8A of the periodic table.

3.2. Elements In the Table

3.2.1. Alkali Metals Lithium (Li) Atomic Number 3 Soduim (Na) Atomic Number 11 Potassium (K) Atomic Number 19 Rubidium (Rb) Atomic Number 37 Cesium (Cs) Atomic Number 55 Francium Atomic Number 87

3.2.2. Alkialine Metals Beryllium (Be) Atomic Number 4

3.2.3. Boron Family Boron (B) Atomic Number 5 Aluminum (Al) Atomic Number 13 Gallium (Ga) Atomic Number 31 Indium(In) Atomic Number 49 Thallium (Tl) Atomic Number 81

3.2.4. The oxygen family oxygen(o) Atomic number 8 Selenium(se) Atomic number 34 Tellurium(te) sulfer(s) Atomic number 16

3.2.5. Carbon Family Carbon (C) Atomic Number 6 Silicon (S) Atomic Number 14 Germanium (Ge) Atomic Number 32 Tin (Sn) Atomic Number 50 Lead (Pb) Atomic Number 82

3.2.6. Nitrogen Family Nitrogen (N) Atomic Number 7 Phosphorus (P) Atomic Number 15 Arsenic (As) Atomic Number 33 Antimony (As) Atomic Number 51 Bismuth (Bi) Atomic Number 83