Punctuation and symbols

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Punctuation and symbols by Mind Map: Punctuation and symbols

1. full stop (.)

1.1. It is used to indicate the end of a sentence, a paragraph or a text that is not exclamatory or interrogative.

2. comma (,)

2.1. is used to separate and make small breaks in a text, paragraph or sentence,

3. exclamation mark (!)

3.1. it is used to indicate an expression and to emphasize something.

4. question mark (?)

4.1. sirven para representar gráficamente la entonación interrogativa de una frase.

5. single quotes (‘ ’)

5.1. they are used to mark examples in cases where the use of italics is not appropriate or is not possible.

6. double quotes (".")

6.1. they are used to quote something inside an expression that is already in quotation marks

7. dollar sing ($)

7.1. It is a monetary symbol used by multiple currencies of the world, especially in America

8. percentage sing (%)

8.1. is used to compare a fraction (indicating the relationship between two quantities) with another, expressing them by percentages to use 100 as the common denominator.

9. ampersan (&)

9.1. it is used with proper names (brands, trade names) such as Dolce & Gabanna or AT & T.

9.1.1. Academic Appointments are used, when more than one author is cited, for example «(Nevid, Rathus, & Greene, 2008)»

10. asterisk

10.1. is usually used as a regular expression to denote zero or more repeats of a pattern

10.1.1. it is used to denote multiplicity from zero to n classes.

11. hash (#)

11.1. Enter comments in some programming languages (such as Perl, Python and PHP) or in the configuration files of some programs (such as Apache).

11.1.1. On the web it is the anchor that appears in some hypertext links of the HTML language, which serves to reach a section of a page (for example Pond # See also leads to the section "See also" of the page of the article "Pond

12. brackets ( )

12.1. In texts, its most frequent use is in subsections, that is, to insert a text that specifies, or explains, the sentence where it is.

12.1.1. In math, parentheses are used, mainly, to specify the order in which a formula must be solved and to give the reference of a coordinate 4 + (2 · 3) = 10

13. square brackets [.]

13.1. they are usually used to intersperse one sentence into another, which is already in parentheses.

13.1.1. The tomb of Jim Morrison (singer of The Doors [legendary twentieth century rock band]) is located in the Père Lachaise cemetery in Paris.

14. underscore ( _ )

14.1. es utilizado sobre todo en informática, para sustituir un espacio en blanco en aplicaciones y sistemas que no pueden llevar un carácter de espacio (" "), por ejemplo, en los URL de la World Wide Web, en direcciones de correo electrónico

15. hypen ( - )

15.1. join two first names, in case the second can be confused with the corresponding surname: "Tomás-Eloy Martínez" (the surname is only Martínez).

16. plus sing ( + )

16.1. it is used in math operations

16.1.1. ex. 7+7= 14

17. equal sing (=)

17.1. is a mathematical symbol used to indicate the equality of mathematics.

18. colon ( : )

18.1. is used to express consequence or conclusion of the foregoing and that in speech is a pause preceded by a decrease in tone.

19. semi colon ( ; )

19.1. is used to join two proposition

19.1.1. Many were those who wanted to reach the goal; but [adversative conjunction] few passed.

20. "at" sing (@ )

20.1. it is used in the email addresses, in order to separate the name of the user to whom you want to send a message of the name of the domain to which the message will be sent.

21. forward slash (/)

21.1. In computer science, this character is used in most operating systems -especially those based on Unix- to notice the root directory or separate the directories

22. backward slash (\)

22.1. In DOS and Microsoft Windows it is used to indicate the folder hierarchy subfolders and files

22.1.1. (folder \ subfolder \ file.abc)

23. arrow (→)

23.1. This sign indicates that what is indicated is useful or interesting.