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KEY TERMS by Mind Map: KEY TERMS

1. HEALTH

1.1. A state of complete physical, social and mental well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity

2. FITNESS

2.1. The ability to meet/cope with the demands of the environment

3. AGILITY

3.1. The ability to move and change direction quickly (at speed) whilst maintaining control

4. BALANCE

4.1. Maintaining the centre of mass over the base of support

5. CARDIO-VASCULAR ENDURANCE

5.1. The ability of the heart and lungs to supply oxygen to the working muscles

6. CO-ORDINATION

6.1. The ability to use different (two or more) parts of the body together smoothly and efficiently

7. FLEXIBILITY

7.1. The range of movement possible at a joint

8. MUSCULAR ENDURANCE

8.1. Ability of a muscle or muscle group to undergo repeated contractions avoiding fatigue

9. POWER

9.1. The product of strength and speed, i.e. strength x speed

10. REACTION TIME

10.1. The time taken to initiate a response to a stimulus

11. SPEED

11.1. The maximum rate at which an individual is able to perform a movement or cover a distance in a period of time. Distance divided by time

12. STRENGTH

12.1. The ability to overcome a resistance

13. QUALITATIVE DATA

13.1. A measure of opinions. More of a subjective than an objective appraisal relating to the quality of a performance rather than the quantity

14. QUANTITATIVE DATA

14.1. A measurement which has been quantified as a number, e.g. time in seconds, or goals scored. There is no opinion expressed (qualitative). It is a fact. It is often the case that quantitative scores in fitness tests can be compared to national averages/ratings

15. PROGRESSIVE OVERLOAD

15.1. Working harder than normal whilst gradually and sensibly increasing the intensity of training

16. CIRCUIT TRAINING

16.1. A series of exercises performed one after the other with a rest in between

17. CONTINUOUS TRAINING

17.1. Exercising for a sustained period of time without rest. It improves cardio-vascular fitness. Sometimes referred to as 'steady state' training

18. STEADY STATE EXERCISE

18.1. Working continuously at the same intensity

19. INTERVAL TRAINING

19.1. Training method that incorporates periods of work followed by periods of rest, e.g. work, rest, work, rest

20. HIIT

20.1. High Intensity Interval Training: an exercise strategy alternating periods of short intense anaerobic exercise with less intense recovery periods

21. STATIC STRETCHING

21.1. Stretching to the limit and holding the stretch isometrically

22. ISOMETRIC CONTRACTION

22.1. Muscular contraction when the muscle does not shorten or lengthen - it stays the same length

23. ONE REPITITION (REP)

23.1. Completing one lift of a weight (up and down)

24. ONE SET

24.1. The completion of a number of reps