History of Christina Lake BC By: Paige Power

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History of Christina Lake BC By: Paige Power by Mind Map: History of Christina Lake BC By: Paige Power

1. She was carried pretty far before she was rescued. She also still had the books with her

2. Basic History

2.1. Christina Lake was a part of the area inhabited by the Sinixt First Nations group, or the Arrow Lakes people

2.2. There was an important fishing ground that was called the Kettle River and the Cascade

2.3. This area was originally an important fishing ground for the sinixt, sanpoil, okanagan, and other tribes

2.4. The extension of the Dewdney trail from Rock Creek to Wild Horse Creek gave early pioneers a route to Christina Lake that didn't require them to go through American territory

2.5. There wasn't much settlement in that area until 1880-1890

3. Christina MacDonald

3.1. The village and lake is named after Christina MacDonald (daughter of the fur trader Angus MacDonald)

3.2. She would travel with her father through the brigade to Kamloops every year (Kettle Creek to Christina Lake) She would keep hold of his books on these trips

3.3. She was riding on a raft crossing the creek and it broke into pieces and she was thrown off and into the rushing into the rushing water with the sack full of her fathers HBC (Hudson's Bay Company) books.

3.4. A clerk for HBC at Fort Colville

3.5. The Council of Chiefs of the Colville Indians gave Christina's heirs the sole right to trap fish at the lake (Christina Lake)

3.6. Christina married a man named James McKenzie

3.6.1. After his death Christina continued to operate the company and proved she was the most competent businesswoman

4. 1890s

4.1. Prospecting became popular in the Christina Lake area

4.1.1. McRae Creek and Sutherland Creek are local landmarks named after prospectors

4.2. The CPR eventually brought the Columbian and Western Railway (C&W) to Castlegar

4.2.1. C&W completed as far as Grand Forks by September of 1899

4.2.2. It was a crucial success to mining, smelting, and lumber industries. It also brought permanent settlement to the area.

4.3. It became the first recreational area for day-trippers from grand forks and Phoenix

4.3.1. The town at this time had about 5 hotels

4.4. In the late 1890s Cascade City had about 1000 citizens

4.5. Cascade Water Power & Lights Co. LTD was incorporated in 1898

4.5.1. They started to build the dam across Kettle River soon after establishment

4.6. Unfortunately, September 30 1899 Cascade City was hit with the first series of devastating fires. The business district was severely affected.

4.6.1. The second fire in 1901 made matters worse causing this bustling tourist town to turn into basically a ghost town. With only one store and one hotel left

5. 1900-1945

5.1. The town of Christina Lake started to provide summer cottages, fishing, swimming, and other entertainments for the citizens in Grand Forks and the Boundary Region

5.1.1. The 1920s also included more growth of Christina Lake as a recreational town

5.2. The Cascade-Rossland highway was finally completed in 1922 providing a route for vacationers coming from Rossland and Trail that went directly to Christina Lake for the first time

5.3. Americans were drawn to this area in the 1920s because saloons and dance halls were recently banned down there, whilst Christina Lake still had theirs up

5.3.1. During the Great Depression tourist were still travelling up from America

5.4. A summer resort hotel was built on English Point in 1928-1929

5.4.1. Was run by George Brown

5.4.2. In 1942 this hotel homed japanese families interred away from the coast during WWII Some families even stayed after the restrictions were lifted in 1949

6. 1945-Present

6.1. After WWII Christina Lake became a greatly established recreational commmunity

6.2. In the 1960s the highway connecting Castlegar to Christina Lake was completed

6.2.1. People were now able to come down from the Kootenays and Alberta in less time