PRESENT SIMPLE AND PRESENT PROGRESSIVE

MINERVA ASTRID FLORES RAMOS

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PRESENT SIMPLE AND PRESENT PROGRESSIVE by Mind Map: PRESENT SIMPLE AND PRESENT PROGRESSIVE

1. If I say "It works," work is not working, but functioning. "It" is used to talk about objects, but objects do not usually work much.

2. Verbal forms are very simple - just put a -s in third person singular. For the rest, the conjugation is the same as the infinitive:

3. Do you want to know how to use the simple present?

3.1. The simple present speaks of two things:

3.2. 1) Habits.

3.3. 2) Things that are true all the time or that we see as permanent.

4. I work. You work. He works. She works. It works. We work. They work.

5. STRUCTURE

6. AFFIRMATIVE

7. Subject + verb

7.1. I talk.

7.2. He eats

7.3. They learn

8. NEGATIVE

9. Subject + auxiliary verb (to do) + negative auxiliary ("not") + verb.

9.1. I do not [don’t] talk.

9.2. He does not [doesn’t] eat

9.3. They do not [don’t] learn

10. INTERROGATIVE

11. Auxiliary verb (to do) + subject + main verb?

11.1. Do you talk?

11.2. Does he eat?

11.3. Does he eat?

12. PRESENT PROGRESSIVE

12.1. 1. The present continuous is used to talk about something that is happening at the moment we speak. 2. We also use it to talk about something that is happening now but not necessarily when we speak. In this case, time expressions such as "currently", "lately" or "these days" are used. 3. We use the present continuous to talk about something that is already decided to be done in the near future. Its use indicates that it is quite certain that the planned will happen. There are some verbs that we do not usually use in continuous times.

13. ANEXO

14. ESTRUCTURE

14.1. INTERROGATIVE

15. AFFIRMATIVE

16. NEGATIVE

17. Subject + auxiliary verb (to be) + negative auxiliary (not) + verb + ing.

17.1. I’m not talking.

17.2. He’s not [He isn’t] eating

18. Auxiliary verb (to be) + subject + verb + ing?

18.1. Are you talking?

18.2. Is he eating?

18.3. Are they learning?

19. Subject + auxiliary verb (to be) + verb + ing.

19.1. I’m talking

19.2. He’s eating.

19.3. They’re learning.