Simple present and Present progressive

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Simple present and Present progressive by Mind Map: Simple present and Present progressive

1. Simple Present

1.1. Affirmative sentences in the Simple Present

1.1.1. Long forms

1.1.1.1. I read books.

1.1.1.2. You read books.

1.1.1.3. He reads books.

1.1.2. Contracted forms

1.1.2.1. not possible

1.2. Form

1.2.1. Infinitive (3rd person singular he, she, it: infinitive + -s)

1.3. Use of the Simple Present

1.3.1. Repeated actions

1.3.2. Things in general

1.3.3. Fixed arrangements, scheduled events

1.3.4. Sequence of actions in the present

1.3.5. Instructions

1.3.6. With special verbs

1.4. Signal words

1.4.1. Every day Often Always Sometimes Never

1.5. Negative sentences in the Simple Present

1.5.1. Long forms

1.5.1.1. I read books.

1.5.1.2. You read books.

1.5.1.3. He reads books.

1.5.2. Contracted forms

1.5.2.1. I don't clean the room.

1.5.2.2. You don't clean the room.

1.5.2.3. He doesn't clean the room.

1.6. Questions in the Simple Present

1.6.1. Long forms

1.6.1.1. Do I play football?

1.6.1.2. Do you play football?

1.6.1.3. Does he play football?

1.6.2. Contracted forms

1.6.2.1. not possible

2. Present Progressive

2.1. Use of the Present Progressive

2.1.1. Actions happening at the moment of speaking

2.1.2. Fixed plans in the near future

2.1.3. Temporary actions

2.1.4. Actions happening around the moment of speaking (longer actions)

2.1.5. Trends

2.1.6. Repeated actions which are irritating to the speaker (with always, constantly, forever)

2.2. Signal words

2.2.1. Now

2.2.2. At the moment

2.2.3. Look!

2.2.4. Listen!

2.3. Form

2.3.1. to be (am, are, is) + Infinitiv + -ing

2.4. Affirmative sentences in the Present Progressive

2.4.1. Long forms

2.4.1.1. I am playing football.

2.4.1.2. You are playing football.

2.4.1.3. He is playing football.

2.4.2. Contracted forms

2.4.2.1. I'm playing football.

2.4.2.2. You're playing football.

2.4.2.3. He's playing football.

2.5. Negative sentences in the Present Progressive

2.5.1. Long forms

2.5.1.1. I am not playing football.

2.5.1.2. You are not playing football.

2.5.1.3. He is not playing football.

2.5.2. Contracted forms

2.5.2.1. I'm not playing football.

2.5.2.2. You're not playing football.

2.5.2.3. You aren't playing football.

2.5.2.4. He's not playing football.

2.5.2.5. He isn't playing football.

2.6. Questions in the Present Progressive

2.6.1. Long forms

2.6.1.1. Am I playing football?

2.6.1.2. Are you playing football?

2.6.1.3. Is he playing football?

2.6.2. Contracted forms

2.6.2.1. not possible