The Environmental Impact of Disposable and Reusable Nappies

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The Environmental Impact of Disposable and Reusable Nappies by Mind Map: The Environmental Impact of Disposable and Reusable Nappies

1. How are they made?

1.1. Manufacturing

1.1.1. Process

1.1.1.1. Environmental Impact to produce?

1.2. Materials

1.2.1. Recyclable

1.2.2. Toxic

1.2.3. Biodegradable

2. End Of Life

2.1. Landfill

2.1.1. "It will take 200 to 500 years for a disposable nappy to decompose..." (2)

2.2. Recycled

2.3. Re-use

3. Sustainable Parenting

3.1. Who is the Disposable Nappy convenient for?

3.1.1. Parents on the Go

3.2. Who is the Reusable Nappy convenient for?

3.2.1. Parents looking to save $$$

3.2.2. Parents looking into more sustainable resources

4. Purpose of a Nappy

4.1. Absorb Fluid

4.2. Retain Moisture

5. Statistics

5.1. In a home with one baby using disposables, 50% of the household's waste will be nappies (1)

5.2. In 2009, Australian babies used 2.1 billion nappies - about 5.6 million per day (2)

5.3. 95% of nappies used in Australia today are disposable, up from 40% in 1993 (3)

6. History Behind Diapers

6.1. Marion Donovan born in 1917, Fort Wayne, Indiana invented the first disposable diaper (4)

6.2. The first diaper was named 'Boater'

6.3. Pampers

7. Disposable Nappies

7.1. Pros

7.1.1. Eco Friendly options available

7.1.2. Recycling services are being explored such as Terracycle https://www.terracycle.com.au/en-AU/

7.1.2.1. Zero Waste Box

7.1.2.2. Nappies being recycled and turned into plastic products

7.1.2.3. Founded by Ernie Simpson

7.2. Cons

7.2.1. Harming environment through manufacture and disposal

7.2.2. Chemicals used such as Sodium Polyacrylate to turn the wee into gel

7.2.3. Use of raw materials is extensive

8. Reusable Nappies

8.1. Pros

8.1.1. Reusable

8.1.2. Takes longer to reach landfill

8.1.3. Organic options available

8.1.4. Better impact on the environment

8.1.5. You as a user have more control over the environmental impact

8.2. Cons

8.2.1. Washing Cost and the amount of water used to keep it cleaned and able to be reused

8.2.2. Energy Use

8.2.3. Raw material Sourcing

9. Energy Consumption

9.1. Energy use difference to manufacture and maintain

9.2. Energy needed in order to maintain

9.2.1. Disposable/Production Phase

9.2.2. Reusable/Cleaning in order to maintain

9.3. Renewable or Non-Renewable Energy?

10. Solid Waste

10.1. Where does it get disposed?

10.2. How long does it take to get to landfill?

10.3. What happens to the toxins that the nappy releases?

10.3.1. Contamination?

10.3.1.1. Environment

10.3.1.2. Biodiversity

10.3.1.3. Humans

11. Water Resource Depletion

11.1. Amount of water used to produce and how it is affecting the environment where our water resources are limited

12. Research Questions

12.1. Do the impacts on the environment outweigh the convenience of disposable nappies?

12.2. Are both Reusable and Disposable nappies biodegradable?

12.3. What are the end of life options for nappies?

12.4. Does environmental awareness reduce your eco footprint?

12.5. Is reusable or non-reusable energy used in the manufacturing of disposable and reusable nappies?

12.6. What raw materials are used in the manufacturing of reusable and disposable nappies?

12.7. What is the difference in Life cycle stage in which water resource consumption is most used for both disposable and reusable nappies?

12.8. Are reusable nappies more environmentally sustainable than disposable nappies?

12.9. Which area needs the most improvement for disposable nappies to be more environmentally sustainable like cloth nappies?