Jazz Timeline (Origin-1955) by Daniel Cox

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Jazz Timeline (Origin-1955) by Daniel Cox by Mind Map: Jazz Timeline (Origin-1955) by Daniel Cox

1. Roots of Jazz

1.1. Blues

1.1.1. Black American folk song that influenced the evolution of Jazz

1.1.2. 'Down-home' Blues Singer accompanies himself on guitar or banjo

1.1.3. 'Classic' Blues Singers performed on stage with accompaniment of New Orleans style jazz band

1.1.4. Chicago was the center for blues performance during the 1930s

1.1.5. Musicians/Composers Robert Johnson Bessie Smith Bessie Smith (Down Hearted Blues, 1923) Jazz Legend Big Bill Broonzy Robert Johnson

1.2. Ragtime

1.2.1. Flourished at turn of 19th century

1.2.2. Early ragtime Introduction and several contrasting sections Syncopated melody over regular bass

1.2.3. Had lost its charm by the 1930s Revival in 1970's and is now a permanent part of classical popular music

1.2.4. Composers/Musicians Scott Joplin James Scott Frog Legs Rag - JAMES SCOTT ¤ Ragtime Piano Legend ¤ Joseph Lamb

1.3. Brass Bands

1.3.1. Use only cup-mouthpiece instruments along with percussion

1.3.2. Grew into the swing orchestras of 1930's

1.3.3. Derived from military bands of 19th century

1.3.4. Composers/Musicians John Sousa Stars and Stripes Forever - John Philip Sousa Danny Barker Eric Ball

2. Major Style Periods

2.1. Early Jazz

2.1.1. New Orleans 'Classic Jazz Style' Reached its peak in the early 1920's with Joseph "King" Oliver's Creole Jazz Band King Oliver - Doctor Jazz Played in brothels, clubs, dance halls, and barrelhouses Composers/Musicians Jelly Roll Morton Louis Armstrong Charles "Buddy" Bolden

2.1.2. Chicago Originated from New Orleans "Dixieland" In the 1920's, most leaders in New Orleans headed to either Chicago and New York Chicago jazz was more frenetic than New York jazz Composers/Musicians Riley "BB" King Lawrence "Bud" Freeman Benny Goodman

2.2. Swing

2.2.1. Criteria is fundamentally undefinable Use of timbre, rubato, and other means to achieve a propulsive effect

2.2.2. Evolved in 1930's

2.2.3. Less improvisation than before

2.2.4. Composers/Musicians "Count" Basie "Duke" Ellington Duke Ellington - It don't mean a thing (1943) "Woody" Herman

2.3. Bebop

2.3.1. Development of 1940's

2.3.2. Highly complex chord sequences Often at fast tempos

2.3.3. Primarily for small groups

2.3.4. Composers/Musicians Charlie "Bird" Parker "Dizzy" Gillespie Thelonius Musk Thelonious Monk - 'Round Midnight