Dreikurs believe that these four goals are why children misbehave, in this displayed order.
Engaging in power struggle with teacher
Lashing out at other students or teacher
at last resort, student accepts that he/she is inadequate, and avoids any public display and humiliation.
Teacher personality also affects how discipline problems get handled. Dreikurs identifies 3 teachers.
Before we can alter children's mistaken goals, we have to understand or correctly identify the private logic of their misbehaviour.
Dreikurs et al (1982) postulates that teachers should ask a few key questions to reveal their goals
Do you know why you _____? (even if s/he does not know, ask to lead in to next question)
I would like to tell you what I think., Gaining Attention: Could it be that you want me to notice you more? Could it be that you want me to do something special for you? Could it be that you want to be special to the group?, Exercising Power: Could it be that you want to be the boss? Could it be that you insist on doing what you want to do?, Exacting Revenge: Could it be that you want to get even with me? Could it be that you want to show me how much you hated what I did?, Displaying Inadequacy: Could it be that you want to be left alone because you believe that you can do anything? Could it be that you want to be left alone because you can't be on top?
Dealing with Attention-seeking behaviour
Dealing with Power-seeking behaviour
Dealing with Revenge-seeking behaviour
Dealing with Displays of Inadequacy
Here is a summary of the techniques suggested by Dinkmeyer et al (1976) that parallel the techniques used in Logical Consequences
Promotes a degree of autonomy
Incorporates preventive approach to discipline
Helps students understand why they behave as they do
Helps students learn correct behaviour
Promotes mutual respect
Relies on logical consequences than arbitrary punishment
Helps teachers focus on causes before taking action
Teachers might misidentify actual motives of students
Students may not admit their real motives
Some teachers may find it difficult to be non-controlling
Some teachers may find it unnatural or engage in dialogue with students (like me)