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Dreikurs Logical Consequences by Mind Map: Dreikurs Logical
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Dreikurs Logical Consequences

Motives for Behaviour

Dreikurs believe that these four goals are why children misbehave, in this displayed order.

Gaining Attention





Exercising Power

Engaging in power struggle with teacher

Exacting Revenge

Lashing out at other students or teacher

Displaying Inadequacy

at last resort, student accepts that he/she is inadequate, and avoids any public display and humiliation.

Teaching Styles

Teacher personality also affects how discipline problems get handled. Dreikurs identifies 3 teachers.





Assumption: teachers must already have established a good relationship with students for Logical Consequences to work

Understanding Students' Mistaken Goals

Before we can alter children's mistaken goals, we have to understand or correctly identify the private logic of their misbehaviour.

Dreikurs et al (1982) postulates that teachers should ask a few key questions to reveal their goals

Do you know why you _____? (even if s/he does not know, ask to lead in to next question)

I would like to tell you what I think., Gaining Attention: Could it be that you want me to notice you more? Could it be that you want me to do something special for you? Could it be that you want to be special to the group?, Exercising Power: Could it be that you want to be the boss? Could it be that you insist on doing what you want to do?, Exacting Revenge: Could it be that you want to get even with me? Could it be that you want to show me how much you hated what I did?, Displaying Inadequacy: Could it be that you want to be left alone because you believe that you can do anything? Could it be that you want to be left alone because you can't be on top?

Helping Students Change their Mistaken Goals

Dealing with Attention-seeking behaviour

Dealing with Power-seeking behaviour

Dealing with Revenge-seeking behaviour

Dealing with Displays of Inadequacy

Helping students correct their Behaviour (Dinkmeyer et al,1976)

Here is a summary of the techniques suggested by Dinkmeyer et al (1976) that parallel the techniques used in Logical Consequences

Teachers attempt to ascertain students' motives

Students are helped to understand their motives

Students are helped to exchange their mistaken goals for useful ones

Students are encouraged to become committed to their new goal orientation

Students are taught to apply logical consequences

Group discussions regarding class rules and problems are held

Preventing Discipline Problems

Encouragement versus Praise

Logical Consequences

Discussions in the Classroom

Preventive Discipline Suggestions

Strengths and Weaknesses


Promotes a degree of autonomy

Incorporates preventive approach to discipline

Helps students understand why they behave as they do

Helps students learn correct behaviour

Promotes mutual respect

Relies on logical consequences than arbitrary punishment

Helps teachers focus on causes before taking action


Teachers might misidentify actual motives of students

Students may not admit their real motives

Some teachers may find it difficult to be non-controlling

Some teachers may find it unnatural or engage in dialogue with students (like me)