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INPUT by Mind Map: INPUT

1. What is in input ?

1.1. Input is any data and instructions entered into the memory of a computer

1.2. Instructions can be entered into the computer in the form of programs, commands, and user responses

2. The keyboard

2.1. is an input device that contains keys users press to enter data and instructions into a computer

2.2. The insertion point, also known as the cursor, is a symbol on the screen that indicates where the next character you type will appear

2.3. An ergonomic keyboard has a design that reduces the chance of wrist and hand injuries

2.4. Ergonomics incorporates comfort, efficiency, and safety into the design of the workplace

2.5. Keyboards on mobile devices typically are smaller and/or have fewer keys

2.6. Some phones have predictive text input, which saves time when entering text using the phone’s keypad

3. Pointing Devices

3.1. A pointing device is an input device that allows a user to control a pointer on the screen

3.2. A pointer is a small symbol on the screen whose location and shape change as a user moves a pointing device

4. Mouse

4.1. A mouse is a pointing device that fits under the palm of your hand comfortably Most widely used pointing device on desktop computers

4.2. A mouse can be wired or wireless

5. Other Pointing Devices

5.1. A trackball

5.2. A pointing stick

5.3. A touchpad

6. Touch Screens and Touch-Sensitive Pads

6.1. A touch screen is a touch-sensitive display device

7. Pen Input

7.1. With pen input, you touch a stylus or digital pen on a flat surface to write, draw, or make selections

8. Other Input for Smart Phones

9. Game Controllers

9.1. Gamepads

9.2. Joysticks and Wheels

9.3. Light guns

9.4. Dance pads

9.5. Motion-sensing controllers

10. Digital Cameras

10.1. is a mobile device that allows users to take pictures and store them digitally

10.1.1. Field cameras

10.1.2. Studio cameras

10.1.3. Point-and-shoot camera

11. Voice Input

11.1. Voice input is the process of entering input by speaking into a microphone

11.2. Voice recognition is the computer’s capability of distinguishing spoken words

11.3. Video input is the process of capturing full-motion images and storing them on a computer’s storage medium

11.4. Music production software allows users to record, compose, mix, and edit music and sounds

11.5. Audio input is the process of entering any sound into the computer

11.5.1. Speech

11.5.2. Music

11.5.3. Sound Effects

12. Video Input

12.1. Video input is the process of capturing full-motion images and storing them on a computer’s storage medium

12.2. A Web cam is a type of digital video camera

12.3. A video conference is a meeting between two or more geographically separated people

13. Scanners and Reading Devices

13.1. Pen or Handheld

13.2. Flatbed

13.3. Sheet-fed

13.4. Drum

13.5. Optical character recognition (OCR) involves reading characters from ordinary documents

13.6. A turnaround document is a document you return to the company that creates and sends it

13.7. Optical mark recognition (OMR) reads hand-drawn marks such as small circles or rectangles

13.8. An OMR device scans the documents and matches the patterns of light

13.9. A bar code reader, also called a bar code scanner uses laser beams to read bar codes

13.10. RFID (radio frequency identification) uses radio signals to communicate with a tag placed in or attached to an object An RFID reader reads information on the tag via radio waves RFID can track

13.11. Magnetic stripe card readers read the magnetic stripe on the back of cards such

13.12. MICR (magnetic ink character recognition) devices read text printed with magnetized ink An MICR reader converts MICR characters into a form the computer can process Banking industry uses MICR for check processing

13.13. Data collection devices obtain data directly at the location where the transaction or event takes place

14. Biometric Input

14.1. Biometrics authenticates a person’s identity by verifying a personal characteristic

15. Terminals

15.1. A terminal is a computer that allows users to send data to and/or receive information from a host computer

16. Putting It All Together

17. Input Devices for Physically Challenged Users

17.1. Keyboard with larger keys

17.2. Head-mounted pointer