Culture in different country

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Culture in different country by Mind Map: Culture in different country

1. Norway

1.1. long term orientation

1.1.1. 35

1.1.1.1. Norwegian culture is more normative than pragmatic.

1.1.1.2. societies have a strong concern with establishing the absolute Truth

1.1.1.3. They exhibit great respect for traditions, a relatively small propensity to save for the future, and a focus on achieving quick results.

1.2. indulgence

1.2.1. 55

1.2.1.1. Norway has an intermediate, therefore inconclusive, score of 55 in this dimension.

1.3. Masculinity

1.3.1. 8

1.3.1.1. second most Feminine society

1.3.1.2. softer aspects of culture are valued and encouraged such as leveling with others, consensus, “independent” cooperation and sympathy for the underdog.

1.3.1.3. Taking care of the environment is important.

1.3.1.4. Trying to be better than others is neither socially nor materially rewarded.

1.3.1.5. An effective manager is a supportive one, and decision making is achieved through involvement

1.3.1.6. Focus is on well-being, status is not shown.

1.3.1.7. Interaction through dialog and “growing insight” is valued and self development

1.4. Individualism

1.4.1. 69

1.4.1.1. This means that the “Self” is important and individual, personal opinions are valued and expressed.

1.4.1.2. The right to privacy is important and respected.

1.4.1.3. There are clear lines between work and private life.

1.4.1.4. Job mobility is higher and one thinks in terms of individual careers.

1.4.1.5. The employer-employee relationship is based on a contract and leaders focus on management of individuals. Feedback is direct and nepotism is not encouraged.

1.5. Power Distance

1.5.1. 31

1.5.1.1. Control is disliked and attitude towards managers are informal and on first name basis

1.5.1.2. Employees expect to be consulted.

1.5.1.3. Power is decentralized and managers count on the experience of their team members

1.5.1.4. equal rights, superiors accessible, coaching leader, management facilitates and empowers

1.5.1.5. Being independent, hierarchy for convenience only

1.6. Uncertainty avoidance

1.6.1. 50

1.6.1.1. Norway scores 50 and thus does not indicate a preference on this dimension.

2. Ukraine

2.1. long term orientation

2.1.1. 55

2.1.1.1. With a moderately score of 55, Ukraine is seen to not express a clear preference on this dimension.

2.2. indulgence

2.2.1. 18

2.2.1.1. Societies with a low score in this dimension have a tendency to cynicism and pessimism.

2.2.1.2. Restrained societies do not put much emphasis on leisure time and control the gratification of their desires.

2.2.1.3. People with this orientation have the perception that their actions are Restrained by social norms and feel that indulging themselves is somewhat wrong.

2.3. Masculinity

2.3.1. 27

2.3.1.1. They talk modestly about themselves and scientists, researchers or doctors are most often expected to live on a very modest standard of living.

2.3.1.2. understate their personal achievements, contributions or capacities

2.3.1.3. Dominant behavior might be accepted when it comes from the boss, but is not appreciated among peers.

2.4. Individualism

2.4.1. 25

2.4.1.1. say “We with friends” instead of “I and my friends”

2.4.1.2. Family, friends and not seldom the neighborhood are extremely important to get along with everyday life’s challenges.

2.4.1.3. Relationships are crucial in obtaining information, getting introduced or successful negotiations.

2.4.1.4. They need to be personal, authentic and trustful before one can focus on tasks and build on a careful to the recipient, rather implicit communication style

2.5. Power Distance

2.5.1. 92

2.5.1.1. a country where power holders are very distant in society.

2.5.1.2. largest country entirely within Europe

2.5.1.3. The discrepancy between the less and the more powerful people leads to a great importance of status symbols

2.5.1.4. Behavior has to reflect and represent the status roles in all areas of business interactions

2.5.1.5. the approach should be top-down and provide clear mandates for any task.

2.6. Uncertainty avoidance

2.6.1. 95

2.6.1.1. Ukrainians feel very much threatened by ambiguous situations

2.6.1.2. Presentations are either not prepared, e.g. when negotiations are being started and the focus is on the relationship building, or extremely detailed and well prepared.

2.6.1.3. Also detailed planning and briefing is very common

2.6.1.4. Ukrainians prefer to have context and background information.

2.6.1.5. As long as Ukrainians interact with people considered to be strangers they appear very formal and distant. At the same time formality is used as a sign of respect.

3. Russia

3.1. long term orientation

3.1.1. 81

3.1.1.1. Russia is definitely a country with a pragmatic mindset.

3.1.1.2. people believe that truth depends very much on situation, context and time.

3.1.1.3. they show an ability to adapt traditions easily to changed conditions, a strong propensity to save and invest

3.1.1.4. thriftiness and perseverance in achieving results.

3.2. indulgence

3.2.1. 20

3.2.1.1. Societies with a low score in this dimension have a tendency to cynicism and pessimism.

3.2.1.2. Also, in contrast to Indulgent societies, Restrained societies do not put much emphasis on leisure time and control the gratification of their desires.

3.2.1.3. People with this orientation have the perception that their actions are Restrained by social norms and feel that indulging themselves is somewhat wrong.

3.3. Masculinity

3.3.1. 27

3.3.1.1. Russians at workplace as well as when meeting a stranger rather understate their personal achievements, contributions or capacities.

3.3.1.2. They talk modestly about themselves and scientists, researchers or doctors are most often expected to live on a very modest standard of living.

3.3.1.3. Dominant behaviour might be accepted when it comes from the boss, but is not appreciated among peers.

3.4. Individualism

3.4.1. 25

3.4.1.1. “We with friends” instead of “I and my friends”

3.4.1.2. Family, friends and not seldom the neighborhood are extremely important to get along with everyday life’s challenges.

3.4.1.3. Relationships are crucial in obtaining information, getting introduced or successful negotiations

3.4.1.4. They need to be personal, authentic and trustful before one can focus on tasks and build on a careful to the recipient, rather implicit communication style.

3.5. Power Distance

3.5.1. 92

3.5.1.1. a nation where power holders are very distant in society.

3.5.1.2. largest country in the world is extremely centralized

3.5.1.3. 2/3 of all foreign investments go into Moscow where also 80% of all financial potential is concentrated.

3.5.1.4. The huge discrepancy between the less and the more powerful people leads to a great importance of status symbols

3.5.1.5. Behaviour has to reflect and represent the status roles in all areas of business interactions

3.5.1.5.1. approach should be top-down and provide clear mandates for any task.

3.6. Uncertainty avoidance

3.6.1. 95

3.6.1.1. feel very much threatened by ambiguous situations

3.6.1.2. established one of the most complex bureaucracies in the world.

3.6.1.3. when negotiations are being started and the focus is on the relationship building, or extremely detailed and well prepared

3.6.1.4. detailed planning and briefing is very common

3.6.1.5. As long as Russians interact with people considered to be strangers they appear very formal and distant. At the same time formality is used as a sign of respect.