Education in Malaya During British Colonial Times

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Education in Malaya During British Colonial Times by Mind Map: Education in Malaya During British Colonial Times

1. Tamil Schools & Education

1.1. Tamils were the biggest group of Indian migrants to Malaya at that time.

1.2. Forced the plantation owners to set up Tamil Schools for their worker's children.

1.3. Development

1.3.1. In 1912, enforcement of Labour Laws.

1.3.2. In 1914, Setting up of Tamil Schools in urban areas with Indian residents.

1.3.3. In 1930, setting up of Tamil Schools Inspectorate and conducting teachers training courses to overcome the shortage of trained Tamil teachers and introduction of Malayan syllabus using Tamil, Malayalam and Telegu.

2. Development of Malay Schools

2.1. Education Act

2.1.1. Compulsory for parents to send their children to school.

2.1.2. A fine will be imposed otherwise.

2.1.3. British appeal to the Malay leaders to encourage parents to register children for schooling.

2.1.4. Due to good response, more Malay schools were erected.

2.1.5. Due to small number of Malay parents who were willing to send their daughters to school took some time as a separate school for girls to setup.

2.1.6. In 1940, an increase of registered pupils in Malay Schools but the British Colonial Government did not endeavour to set up Malay Secondary School because of the fear that highly-educated Malays will initiate Anti-British Feelings amongst the people.

3. Chinese Schools & Education

3.1. Founding & Funding

3.1.1. Responsibility of the Chinese community.

3.1.2. Expenditure for building - business men & Chinese Leaders.

3.2. Education

3.2.1. Teachers brought from China.

3.2.2. System based totally China.

3.2.3. Used Chinese dialects.

3.3. Chinese Revolution

3.3.1. Chinese Government paying attention to Chinese education abroad.

3.3.2. Chinese Schools frequently visited and monitored by educational officers from China.

3.4. System

3.4.1. Type of School & Duration

3.4.1.1. Primary School - 6 years

3.4.1.2. Lower Secondary School - 3 years

3.4.1.3. Upper Secondary School - 3 years

3.5. Development

3.5.1. In 1913, setting up the first Chinese Secondary School in Malaya (Singapore).

3.5.2. In 1920, abolition of the usage of different dialects.

3.5.3. In 1945, review of the syllabi in all Chinese schools to ensure that the new syllabi centered on local context and also the introduction of English and Malay language to all Chinese Schools.

3.5.4. In 1924, focus of the British Government on the development of Chinese education arising from an awareness that nationalist factions were beginning to spread anti-British campaigns in Chinese schools.

4. Smart Schools

4.1. A learning institution that has been systematically reinvented in terms of teaching-learning practices and school management in order to prepare children for the Information Age.

4.1.1. Goals

4.1.1.1. Produce thinking and technology-literate workforce

4.1.1.2. Increase participation of stakeholders

4.1.1.3. Democratize Education

4.1.1.4. Provide opportunities to enhance individual strengths and abilities

4.1.1.5. Provide all-round development of the individual (intellectual, physical, emotional, spiritual)

5. Razak Report

5.1. New Educational Policy that was set up and led by Tun Abdul Razak.

5.2. Objective

5.2.1. Establish a national education system that will promote cultural, social, economic and political development accepted by the nation as a whole and in that regard, having the Malay language as the national language.

5.2.2. The main medium of instruction in the education system.

5.2.3. become the basis of the education system as enshrined in the Education Ordinance 1957.

5.3. Reports Proposal

5.3.1. Malay Language as main language in schools.

5.3.2. Free Secondary school education.

5.3.3. Automatic promotion until form 3.

5.3.4. Stress on 3M basic education.

5.3.4.1. Menulis (Writing)

5.3.4.2. Membaca (Reading)

5.3.4.3. Mengira (Arithmetic)