Pain Management & Diabetes

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Pain Management & Diabetes by Mind Map: Pain Management & Diabetes

1. Neuropathies

1.1. Infection

1.1.1. Amputation

1.2. Blood vessel disease

1.3. Kidney damage/Nephropathy/end stage renal disease

1.3.1. Dialysis dependent

1.4. Eye damage/Retinopathy

1.4.1. Blindness

1.5. Skin and mouth conditions

1.6. Pregnancy complications

2. High Blood Pressure

2.1. Coronary artery disease

2.2. Congested heart failure

2.3. Heart Attack

2.3.1. Death

2.4. Peripheral vascular disease

3. Gastroparesis

3.1. delayed gastric emptying

3.2. Autonomic nervous system abnormalities involoving vagus nerve

3.3. nausea & vomiting & abdominal pain

3.4. bloating or postprandial fullness

4. High Blood Cholesterol

4.1. Hyperlipidemia

4.1.1. Atherosclerosis

4.1.1.1. Stroke

4.1.1.1.1. Death

5. Smoke

5.1. Emphysema

5.2. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

5.3. Deep vein thrombosis

6. Don't exercise regularly

6.1. obesity

7. Drink excessive alcohol

7.1. Liver failure

7.2. Kidney disease

7.3. Encephalopathy

8. Hypoglycemia

8.1. Blood sugar below normal

8.1.1. Confusion

8.1.1.1. Seizure

8.1.1.1.1. Death

9. Hyperglycemia

9.1. Diabetes I

9.1.1. Pancreas produces little or no insulin

9.2. Diabetes II

9.2.1. resists the effects of insulin-or doesn't produce enough insulin

9.3. Gestational

9.3.1. placental hormones cause high blood sugar levels

9.4. Ketoacidosis

9.4.1. Death

9.4.2. Seek emergency medical treatment

10. Excessive salt intake

10.1. reduce salt intake

10.2. avoid salt intake

11. Control diabetes

11.1. control blood sugar

11.1.1. Insulin Therapy

11.1.2. Take oral diabetes medications

11.1.3. Healthy eating/ carbohydrate, fat & protein counting

11.1.4. Keep active/exercise regularly

11.1.5. Monitor A1C

11.1.5.1. Goal A1C <7%

11.1.6. Monitor blood sugar

11.1.6.1. Goal 80-130mg/dL pre meals

11.1.6.2. Goal 2 hrs after meal <180 mg/dL

12. Control pain

12.1. Narcotics

12.2. Prokinetic drugs

12.3. gastric electrical stimulation

12.4. surgical venting gastrostomy

12.5. antiemetics

13. Control cholesterol

13.1. Avoid trans fat

13.2. Limit saturated fat and dietary cholesterol

13.3. Eat vegetables

13.4. Exercise regularly

14. Managing diabetes & pain

14.1. Regular diet & exercise

14.2. Routine health care

14.3. Be your own health care advocate

15. Legend

15.1. Pathophysiological processes

15.2. Pharmacological interventions

15.3. Treatments

15.4. Longterm prognostications