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Probes by Mind Map: Probes

1. Functions

1.1. Measure the size of intraoral lesions

1.2. Monitoring the longitudinal response of the periodontium to treatment

1.3. detect and measure periodontal pockets

1.4. obtain info about the health status of the periodontium

1.5. "eye of the clinician beneath the gingival margin"

1.6. Measure extent of recession of the gingival margin

1.7. Measure the width of the attached gingiva

1.8. Assess bleeding on probing

1.9. Determine mucogingival relationships

2. Types

2.1. Williams probe

2.1.1. the standard from which other probes are based

2.1.2. Thin, round working-end

2.1.2.1. UNC-15 is color-coded at 4,9, and 14 mm

2.1.3. Millimeter grooves at 1,2,3,5,7,8,9,10 mm

2.2. UNC-12 and UNC-15

2.2.1. Preferred probe in clinical research

2.2.2. Thin, round working-end

2.2.3. markings at each millimeter

2.2.4. UNC-12 is color-coded at 4 and 9 mm

2.3. Goldman Fox Probe

2.3.1. Flat working-end

2.3.2. Millimeter grooves at 1,2,3,5,7,8,9,10 mm

2.4. WHO

2.4.1. use in epidemiology and routine periodontal screening

2.4.2. Thin, round working-end

2.4.3. Markings at 0.5,3.5,5.5,8.5, and 11.5

2.5. Novatech

2.5.1. Upward and right-angled bend

2.5.2. Distal surfaces of molars

2.5.3. Markings at 3,6,9, and 12

2.6. Plastic

2.6.1. Rounded, tapered working-end

2.6.2. Color-coded in variety of mm markings

2.6.3. Sterilize for reuse

3. Design

3.1. blunt, rod-shape working-end

3.2. circular or rectangular in cross-section

3.3. calibrated in millimeter markings

3.4. angle usually greater than 90 degrees

4. Probing Technique

4.1. Insertion

4.2. Adaptaiton

4.3. Alignment

4.4. Walking stroke

4.5. Proximal root surfaces

5. Limitations of Measurements

5.1. Reading errors due to naturally ocurring states

5.2. reading errors due to probing technique

5.3. Position of the gingival margin

6. Depth Measurement

6.1. Six zones per tooth

6.2. Full mm measurements

6.3. One reading per zone