US History II Lessons Learned

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US History II Lessons Learned by Mind Map: US History II Lessons Learned

1. The Act of 1924 (immigration)

1.1. limited the amount of immigrants that came into the US each year

2. The government spent so much money trying to enforce prohibition laws and it didn't work at all so they wasted their money.

2.1. New Deal

2.1.1. In this situation, the government and FDR attempted to bring the county out of the Great Depression and they learned that not everything they will try is going to work but if they worked hard enough some of it would be successful.

3. ***Economics:*** How has economics impacted America & Americans?

3.1. 1920s working class financial situation

3.1.1. Since there were a lot of immigrants coming in at the time, there was an increase in income. Women also began to work. The hours a week decreased. People had more leisure time to enjoy life which changed the economy.

3.1.1.1. Credit 1920s

3.1.1.1.1. When society becomes too much in debt, they are in a lot of trouble when the economy falls. They are left with nothing.

3.2. World War 2

3.2.1. People on the home front were more than willing to help with war by conserving, producing, and investing.

3.2.2. Supporting other countries will lead them to support us and economic gain.

3.3. Early Cold War

3.3.1. Learned from Russia and other countries that communism is something that we must stay away from.

3.4. The Great Depression

3.4.1. Do not keep buying stock when in debt. When applying for loans make sure they can be paid back.

3.5. Mass Production

3.5.1. As goods are mass produced they become cheaper so more can afford it.

3.6. Civil Rights

3.6.1. Bus boycotts made the American Society realize how much African Americans are important to the economic growth/decay of America.

4. ***Migration*** What causes migration and how has it impacted America?

4.1. World War 2

4.1.1. Migration: Many Jewish people attempted to leave the country they were living in and flee the country so they wouldn't be killed or go through Hitler's cruel treatment and other countries did not step in early which could have prevented this.

4.2. Harlem Renaissance

4.2.1. As a new type of people move to a new area, they will add to the culture.

5. ***Leaders & Presidents*** What makes an effective or ineffective leader?

5.1. MAIN

5.1.1. When leaders focus too much on main, it destabilizes world peace. Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism, and Nationalism.

5.1.1.1. FDR vs Hoover

5.1.1.1.1. As a leader in a time as hard as the Great Depression it is more effective to attempt to make changes even if you're not sure of the outcome because you have nothing to lose.

5.2. World War 2

5.2.1. Hitler realizes he's done and kills himself. Soviets were willing to take very high casualty rates in order to win. Leaders like Hitler are willing to fight to the death before giving up.

5.2.2. Radical leaders are more likely to be discovered and supported due to the problems and precautions that are being taken to protect their country.

5.2.3. Militarism and Alliances: when more powerful leaders work together it causes them to have a greater chance of winning which forces other countries to join the war. Militarism caused mass destruction for everyone.

5.3. Nixon

5.3.1. During the Vietnam War, Nixon made a few mistakes. He bombed the North so that the government would compromise and he killed millions of innocent people (Rolling Thunder). This only ended up expanding the war. We can learn that peace will not be achieved with more bombs and that it is never a good idea to kill innocent people in large amounts because it starts to make America look bad.

6. ***Government:*** What is the role and responsibility of the American government?

6.1. Prohibition

6.1.1. Prohibition made people want to buy alcohol even more than they had before. This led to an increase in violence because the government lost control of the sale of alcohol.

6.2. World War 2

6.2.1. Many people thought the US would be the best place to go, but America was very hesitant to allow everything occurring into their country, so Jewish people were stuck.

6.3. Great Society

6.3.1. When the government decreases taxes and creates large social programs, government debt will increase.

6.4. Vietnam War

6.4.1. The American government acted shady and secretive during the Vietnam War. In the beginning of the war, they believed to have been attacked twice by North Vietnam when they were only attacked once. They did not investigate this until later on which makes it appear as if they were planning to go to war before the attacks and they were looking for a reason to. The American public was aggravated by this and they learned that the government is not trustworthy and that they are hiding things that we may never know about.

7. ***Civil Rights:*** To what extent have the oppressed in America been able to attain an equality of life?

7.1. World War 2

7.1.1. Japanese Internment camps violated the Constitution deeming it unconstitutional.

7.1.2. Women proved to be fruitful during WW2 producing many goods.

7.1.3. African Americans proved that they were equal by fighting for their country.

7.2. Civil Rights Movement (1960s)

7.2.1. African Americans learned that by gaining publicity, support from the government and Americans, they were able to receive bills that were passed to Congress providing the right to vote.

7.3. Vietnam Veterans

7.3.1. The soldiers and veterans of Vietnam were often disrespected when they returned home because of how many people disagreed with the war and how unpopular it was. They were screamed at, mistreated, and some did not agree with the war themselves. I think that we have learned from this and can continue to learn from it by respecting and thanking our soldiers who are brave enough to protect us and fight for America. Even if you do not personally agree with the war, the soldiers still deserve to be treated with respect.

8. ***Technology*** How does technology impact society?

8.1. Electricity

8.1.1. Washing machine, dish washer, refrigerator, radio, and vacuum impacted everyday life and middle income houses.

8.2. Warfare

8.2.1. When there's a lot of new technology in society, we will not be prepared for it with warfare.

8.3. World War 2

8.3.1. Atomic Bomb: reason Japan surrendered, stopped fighting because they realized how strong it was and that it would kill many more people

8.4. Early Cold War

8.4.1. Sputnik started the space race and proved the Soviets stronger than us and with more technology.

8.4.2. Atomic warfare began the disagreements with Russia in the first place. This was called the Arms Race, each country continued to build up their military to threaten each other.

9. ***Media*** To what extent does the media influence people? To what extent does the media mirror or reflect society?

9.1. Radios

9.1.1. When there are media sources and new technology that reaches all of us, it allows us to reach a national culture and it brings us together as a whole.

9.2. News

9.2.1. Media was so biased that people were starting to hate Germany even though the articles were written to persuade them.

9.3. World War 2

9.3.1. We learned that creating persuading posters that showed bad things that can be fixed by other ones. ("I gave a man, I gave a war bond.

9.3.2. The American Media before the war did not glorify the killing and persecution of Jews in Europe until they got involved in the war. We learned from this that the media can change through war and other dramatic events.

9.4. Red Scare

9.4.1. When accusations and fear overcome a society, the media gets out of hand. HUAC and Hollywood Ten involved the accusations of Hollywood producers being involved with communism.

9.5. Emmett Till

9.5.1. Emmett Till's mom had an open casket at his funeral so that it would spread on the news so that it would impact others. This sparked the Civil Rights Movement.

9.6. Vietnam War

9.6.1. During the Vietnam War, there were many accounts where the American public was lied to through the media. Vietnamization was one of the times where this occurred. President Nixon created Vietnamization in attempt to get America out of the war by replacing American soldiers with South Vietnamese soldiers and building them up so that they became strong enough to fight. This idea failed miserably, however Nixon lied to the Americans and made it appear as if it was going well so that he would stop being hated on for expanding the war. From Nixon's mistakes, we can learn that we can not always trust the leaders in charge and that they will lie to us and do whatever it takes to appear correct and well liked to the public.

9.7. The Hippie Movement

9.7.1. The Hippie Movement was created during the Vietnam War to advocate for world peace and to protest America's involvement in the war. There were constantly protests going on and this spread through the media. Most of America did not agree with the war as a result of this. Nixon knew that this was going on and he was influenced by it towards the end of the war. A lesson that we can learn from this is that protesting can be extremely effective and that we should always stand up for what we believe in because we have the rights.

10. ***Foreign Relations*** How have foreign entanglements influence America?

10.1. World War 1

10.1.1. When the US is involved in world affairs to a large extent, it is hard to be neutral if a major conflict breaks out

10.1.2. Forming Allies can draw the country into a border conflict

10.2. World War 2

10.2.1. Expansion, when too many countries attempt world domination, it creates mass conflict

10.2.2. Due to the Great Depression, America's relationships with other countries were falling because they were protecting themselves.

10.3. Early Cold War

10.3.1. Cold War was based off of us having alliances against communism and trying to stop the spread of communism.

10.3.2. Communism prevented the US from trading with a communist country which was the main conflict and why communism is such a problem.