US History Lessons Learned

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US History Lessons Learned by Mind Map: US History Lessons Learned

1. ***Foreign Relations*** How have foreign entanglements influence America?

1.1. World War 1

1.1.1. When the US is involved in world affairs to a large extent, it is hard to be neutral if a major conflict breaks out.

1.1.2. Forming Allies can draws the country into a broader conclict.

1.1.3. Because we were already so involved in foreign relations before the war, it was hard to stay neutral when new conflicts arose

1.1.4. After a war, an effective treaty should be created to keep the peace and avoid future conflict

1.2. World War II

1.2.1. Treaty of Versailles: When there are attempts at blowing one country, conflict will result

1.2.2. Creating a group like the League of Nations is not a good idea if you suggest it and do not join it. This suggests that the group holds no power and is not effective if you do not join it yourself

1.2.3. M.A.G.N.E.T.T: when all of these causes are present it it likely to start a war (militarism, allies, great depression, expansionism, treaty of Versailles, totalitarianism

1.3. Great Depression

1.3.1. During pad times, governments/countries may be able to focus on international affairs/ conflicts

1.4. Early Years of Cold War

1.4.1. Potsdam conference: when an alliance is formed with another country, information kept in secert will result in conflict

2. ***Economics:*** How has economics impacted America & Americans?

2.1. Working Class 1920s:

2.1.1. When the working class worked less and got paid more, they had more time/money for leisure things

2.2. Great Depression

2.2.1. When the New Deal was created to fix the economic problems, it cost a lot of money and government debt increased

2.2.2. Stock markets bought on loans and the bank didn't get money for them

2.2.3. Banks play a large role in a nation's economy if the banks do poor or fail, thee nation's economy will follow

2.2.4. If supply is much greater than demand, the value will fall

2.2.5. If the value of something increases too fast, it could form a bubble and "pop"

2.3. 1920s

2.3.1. Americans in more debt when buying items

3. ***Migration*** What causes migration and how has it impacted America?

3.1. Great Migration/Harlem Renaissance 1920s:

3.1.1. Immigrants live in close areas with one another to people who are similar- brings diversity

3.2. World War II

3.2.1. America didn't know the extend of the Holocaust and refused many Jews entrance to the country and Hitler was able to keep and kill

4. ***Leaders & Presidents*** What makes an effective or ineffective leader?

4.1. Great Depression

4.1.1. FDR created the New Deal in order to help the nation while Hoover wanted us to figure out things on our own

4.2. World War II

4.2.1. A military leader who is aggressive can only be stopped by aggressively appeasement doesn't work

4.2.2. Having an "enemy become an ally promotes competition and harder fighting but can lead to tension after war

4.2.3. Leaders like Hitler who are willing to fight until the end can be challenging to defeat

4.3. Bay of Pigs Invasion

4.3.1. Presidents need to be educated on things happening in politics/ the white house before they are put into office

4.4. Assassinations

4.4.1. Just because you kill a person doesn't mean their ideas will die too

4.5. JFK

4.5.1. When a president is faced with a difficult issue they should try and calm down, think it through and compromise

4.6. Vietnam War:Nixon

4.6.1. Nixon lied during his presidency to Americans. Nixon wanted troops out of Vietnam and promised Americans that he would get troops out of South Vietnam which was called VIETNAMIZATION. Nixon also wanted to attack Communist Cambodia thinking it would help the South Vietnamese Army. However when they attacked, the North won against the South and ruined the South Vietnamese army. Nixon knew this and knew the South couldn't defend for themselves. However, Nixon told America that the South won against the North and that the South was a strong army. From this, we can learn a lesson that Presidents have to be truthful with the American citizens and let them know what is really going on in order for citizens to understand the war.

5. ***Government:*** What is the role and responsibility of the American government?

5.1. Prohibition 1920s:

5.1.1. Creating unpopular laws are hard to enforce

5.1.2. When the government tries to ban popular items, it is not effective and very costly

5.2. Great Depression

5.2.1. Creating programs to fix economic problems were costly

5.2.2. During bad times people's political views will turn more radical

5.2.3. During bad times people will start to favor more democratic or socialist forms of government

5.3. World War II

5.3.1. Totalitarianism: when the leader has too much power, they can do whatever they want if they are not challenged

5.3.2. Since Hitler was in power and kept pushing limits with persecution and no one stopped him he was able to continue what he was doing and killed many people

5.3.3. Pearl Harbor: when a country attacks us, we must fight back to show our power and assert ourseleves

5.3.4. Battle of berlin: when 2 major powers are fighting in the same war,the apparent "winner" will look more powerful

5.4. Great Society

5.4.1. When the government decreases taxes and creates large social programs, debt will increase

5.5. Vietnam War: False Attacks/Gulf of Tonkin

5.5.1. On August 2 the U.S. Maddox was attacked by Vietnamese ships. Then on August 4, the U.S. Maddox had false reports. These false reports consisted of saying they were attacked by Vietnamese ships when in all reality, this didn't happen. This lead to the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution being signed which put us into the Vietnam war. From this, we can learn that attack reports should be investigated before going through with action just in case it is false and leads to a war/conflict.

5.6. Vietnam War: Rolling Thunder

5.6.1. Rolling thunder was a method used during this war by Nixon. This was a bomb campaign that was meant to last for 8 weeks.The campaign was also used to try and get the North Vietnamese army to come to an agreement. Many cities were bombed. Because of this many innocent people died. From this we can learn that bombings don't fully solve issues,kills innocent people, and starts more issues.

6. ***Civil Rights:*** To what extent have the oppressed in America been able to attain an equality of life?

6.1. African Americans WW1/1920s

6.1.1. During time of war, civil rights always improved within minorities

6.2. Women's Progression 1920s

6.2.1. Women became independent and started challenging the norms

6.3. World War II

6.3.1. Disenfranchised groups are needed and want to continue being needed in times when there is a connecting issue

6.4. Civil Rights Movement

6.4.1. When a radical idea is introduced to a group of individuals that have been the same for years, they will be reluctant to change

6.5. Civil Rights Protests

6.5.1. Non-violent protest can bring attention to events and make impacts without hurting anyone physically

6.6. Black Panthers

6.6.1. If a movement is not making huge gains it will involve into more aggressive tactics

6.6.2. Ideas that go up quickly can go down quickly as well

6.7. Vietnam War: Anti-War Movement

6.7.1. Many people didn't support the Vietnam war. With this being said, many people protested the war and wanted it to be over. Even the soldiers protested the war. People didn't support the war for what we were fighting for: stopping communism. They didn't like the amount of violence that was going on. People also didn't want this to be another Korea. From this we learned, there is certain things that aren't worth fighting for and can cause many issues in the long run.

6.8. Vietnam War: Soldiers

6.8.1. Soldiers lived in the jungle and mountains. These climates were something most Americans have never dealt with. The jungle of Vietnam is what hid the enemies. The soldiers didn't wear uniforms which means you couldn't tell who was who and apart of what side. The U.S. didn't allow their troops to fight outside of Vietnam. From this we learned, our soldiers need to be better prepared when going into a war. They must also beware of any decisions the government makes when it's made.

7. ***Technology*** How does technology impact society?

7.1. Radio 1920s:

7.1.1. Broadcasting all at once connects the whole nation with one another

7.2. WW1 Warfare

7.2.1. New war technology changed the way war is fought,but the world wasn't ready for it

7.3. World War II

7.3.1. New powerful weapons can quickly end war when one side has them

7.4. Early Years of Cold War

7.4.1. Nuclear race/ H-bomb: when there is competiton to have made advanced military there is more possiblitiy for an attack or bombing

7.5. Television

7.5.1. Seeing candidates appearance changes the outcome of elections

7.6. Interstate Highway System

7.6.1. Progression in transportation technology the implementation of that technology will benefit society by making it easier to get from place to place

8. ***Media*** To what extent does the media influence people? To what extent does the media mirror or reflect society?

8.1. World War II

8.1.1. The media when necessary can be manipulated to serve the greater good by influencing people to aid in war efforts

8.2. Emmett Till

8.2.1. Emmett Till's open casket put in a perspective of the way blacks were treated

8.3. Malcolm X & MLK

8.3.1. Public awareness of issues can speed up the issue