Lessons Learned

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Lessons Learned by Mind Map: Lessons Learned

1. ***Migration*** What causes migration and how has it impacted America?

1.1. Great Migration//Harlem Rennasiance

1.1.1. immigrants like to live in separate areas to have a common cultures round them. brings more cultural diversity to country

1.2. holocaust

1.2.1. america did not know the extent of the holocaust and refused many jews entrance to the country and hitler was able to keep killing

2. ***Economics:*** How has economics impacted America & Americans?

2.1. 1920s

2.1.1. Working class - worked less, paid more - more time for leisure

2.2. when the new deal was created to fix the economic problems, it cost a lot of money and government debt increased

2.2.1. Great Depression

2.2.1.1. the stock market crash of 1929. people were taking loans from the bank to invest money they didn't even have. bank was hit hard and financially failed.

2.3. mass consumption

2.3.1. americans will result in more debt hwen they buy more items.

2.4. great depression

2.4.1. banks play a large role in nations economy if the banks do poor or fail, the national economy will fail.

3. ***Leaders & Presidents*** What makes an effective or ineffective leader?

3.1. presidency in the 20s

3.1.1. To be a successful leader,

3.2. FDR believed that the gov would help assist in rebuilding country. Hoover believed people need to work themselves.

3.2.1. Leadership

3.3. pivotal battles

3.3.1. a military leader who is aggressive can only be stopped aggressively. (appeasement doesn't work)

3.4. leaders

3.4.1. having an enemy becasue an ally promotes competition and harder fighting but can lead to tension after war.

3.5. end of WWII

3.5.1. leaders like Hitler who are willing to fight until the end can be challenging to defeat.

3.6. bay of pigs invasion

3.6.1. presidents need to be educated on things happening in politics / the white house before they are put into office

3.7. assasinations

3.7.1. just because you kill the person doesn't mean the idea will be killed off - if anything it furthers the protest and purpose of the fight

3.8. Vietnam War

3.8.1. In the Gulf of Tonkin resolution, congress authorized President LBJ to take any measures necessary to secure Southeast Asia, containing the spread of communism. Johnson used the US troops Kennedy had sent over, confident in a quick victory. From there on, the war situation completely escalated, leaving Johnson with difficult decisions of what to do next. The war weakened the economy and resulted in many soldiers being drafted and forced into the war. The war lasted longer than anyone would have guessed that it would have lasted. A lesson learned from this is to be an effective leader, you can't quickly jump into a situation that puts your country at risk because you think you have all of the power.

3.8.2. President Nixon has been accounted for lying to the American public about what was happening in Vietnam at the time. When the media exposed the actual truth, this lead to Americans to be extra cautious of what the government was telling them, and whether they were lying or not. Nixon didn't really listen to the American people and made some poor decisions in his time in office. He was forced to resign before his presidential term ended. I think the lesson learned from this is in order to be an effective leader, you must always tell the truth. The truth is always valued over anything when communicating to your country.

4. ***Government:*** What is the role and responsibility of the American government?

4.1. prohibition

4.1.1. creating unpopular laws are hard to enforce.

4.2. gov assisting in jobs, food, to help citizens and rebuild our country. positive but small businesses suffered from the new deal.

4.2.1. new deal

4.3. Causes of WWII

4.3.1. Totalitarianism - when a leader has too much power to do whatever they want if they are not challenged.

4.4. holocaust

4.4.1. hitler was in power and kept pushing limits with persecution and no one stopped him he was able to continue what he was doing and kill many people.

4.5. great depression

4.5.1. during hard times, our citizens will favor democratic gov views / ideas. People can't fix problems individually if it affects the nation (gov programs).

4.5.2. During bad times, people's political views will turn more radical.

4.6. WWII

4.6.1. Pearl Harbror

4.6.1.1. when a country attacks us, we must fight back to show our power and assert ourselves.

4.7. battle of berlin

4.7.1. when 2 major powers are fighting in the same war, the winner will look most powerful.

4.8. The Great Society (LBJ)

4.8.1. When the government decreases taxes and creates large social programs, debt will increase

5. ***Civil Rights:*** To what extent have the oppressed in America been able to attain an equality of life?

5.1. African American Conditions in the 20s/WWI

5.1.1. Job opportunities opened for minorities during war once soldiers left.

5.2. Womens progression in the 20s

5.2.1. Women start living independently and start changing social norms.

5.3. america on the home front

5.3.1. disenfranchised groups are needed and want to continue being needed in times when there is a connecting issue.

5.4. reduce crime and corruption. the 20s

5.5. civil rights 1960s

5.5.1. black people are granted voting rights - we learn that protesting is effective

5.6. civil rights movement

5.6.1. when a radical idea is introduced to a group of individuals that have been the same for many years, they will be reluctant to change

5.7. Black Panthers

5.7.1. if a movement is not seen as making huge gains, it will take more aggressive tactics

5.7.1.1. movements that go up as quickly can go down just as quickly - going against a force you can't beat will result in a fast downfall

6. ***Technology*** How does technology impact society?

6.1. new technology 20s

6.1.1. through communicating to broad audience was more connect effectively

6.2. world war I warefare

6.2.1. technology created and changed way war was fought - due to prior technological advancements. we weren't prepared

6.3. technology

6.3.1. new powerful weapons can quickly end wars when one side has them.

6.4. nuclear race / h bomb's

6.4.1. when there is competition to have more advanced military, there is more threat for a possible attack / bombing.

6.5. JFK election

6.5.1. changed the way people could access viewing of election and candidates.

6.6. Vietnam War

6.6.1. In the Vietnam War, the United States had enhanced the weapons used in war compared to previous wars. American pilots dropped 6 millions tons of bombs on enemy positions and the United States used napalm and agent orange in addition to bombing. These enhancements in weapons / technology, were causing lots of destruction and devastation. It was hard for the US to identify the enemy, so as a result many innocent Vietnamese civilians died because of the power the weapons held. From this experience, the United States learned that when using such strong and new technology, make sure you are aware of the power it holds, and you are using it correctly.

7. ***Media*** To what extent does the media influence people? To what extent does the media mirror or reflect society?

7.1. america on the homefront

7.1.1. the media, when necessary can be manipulated to serve the greater good by influencing people to aid in war efforts.

7.2. 1960's civil rights movement

7.2.1. peaceful and nonviolent protests catch the most attention

7.3. emmett till

7.3.1. the open cacket put in a perspective of the ways blacks were treated

7.4. Vietnam War

7.4.1. The Vietnam War was the first "living room war" and was televised and open to the media in the United States. The American people were seeing what was actually going on in Vietnam in addition to what the President was saying. People saw the truth of the media and could see that the leaders were lying. Images of children being bombed changed Americas opinion on their involvement in the war. Nixon came out publicly and lied to the american population, saying the war was fine. Citizens of the US got very upset when the media said otherwise, they started losing trust in the government, and a credibility gap developed. A lesson the United States could take away from this is to never underestimate the power the media holds.

8. ***Foreign Relations*** How have foreign entanglements influence America?

8.1. World War I -

8.1.1. When the US is involved in world affairs to a large extent, it is hard to be neutral if a major conflict breaks out.

8.1.2. Forming allies can draw the country into a broader conflict

8.2. Causes of WWII

8.2.1. When there are unfair treaties that dump blame on other countries, it creates tension that leads to conflict.

8.3. WWI

8.3.1. Because we were already so involved in foreign relations before the war, it was hard to stay neutral to when new conflicts arose.

8.3.1.1. After a war, an effective treaty should be created to keep the peace and avoid future conflict.

8.3.1.1.1. creating a group like the league of nations is not a good idea if you suggest it and do not join it. this suggest that the group holds no power and is not effective if you don't join it yourself.

8.4. Potsdam conference

8.4.1. when a n alliance is formed with another country, info that is kept secret will result in conflict.

8.5. MAGNET

8.5.1. When militarism, alliances, nationalism, great depression, expanisionm, totliternaims, treaty of versaillies are all present, it is likely or cause conflict

8.6. Vietnam War

8.6.1. Prior to the Vietnam War, the United States formed relations with France in Indochina. The United States wanted to contain communism, and so they decided to aid France. France granted independence to Indochina and so Vietnam split into North and South. US supported South Vietnam and would back them up under any means necessary. Because of the US's relations with South Vietnam, they sent troops over to fight against the North. America and other countries formed SEATO. Many american citizens did not believe in the war and even soldiers did not support America's efforts in the war. The main question that was brought to attention was "why are we even involved in this war?" . The lesson here is to not get involved into something that's not directly towards your country. Be cautious of the alliances you form and consider if it will put your own country at risk in the future.