MUSI 3300: Ancient Cultures

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MUSI 3300: Ancient Cultures by Mind Map: MUSI 3300: Ancient Cultures

1. Ancient Mesopotamia

1.1. Physical Remains

1.1.1. Lyres and harps from 2500 BCE

1.1.2. Word lists that include musical terms (2500 BCE)

1.2. Earliest Known Composer

1.2.1. Enhuduanna (fl. 2300 BCE)

1.3. Earliest Music Notation

1.3.1. 1800 BCE: The Babylonian musicians used their names of intervals to create music notation

2. Ancient Greece

2.1. Terms

2.1.1. mousike

2.1.1.1. referred to any of the arts associated with the Muses, from history to dance

2.1.2. melos

2.1.2.1. music as a performing art / melody alone

2.1.3. perfect melos

2.1.3.1. melody, text, and stylized dance conceived as a whole

2.2. Ethos

2.2.1. Greek writers believed that music could affect ones ethical character or way of behaving (Doctrine of Ethos)

2.2.2. Aristotle was less strict than Plato

2.3. Music Theory

2.3.1. Pythagorus was credited with discovering the mathematical rations of the perfect intervals (octave, fourth, fifth)

2.3.2. Tetrachord

2.3.2.1. Four notes spanning a perfect fourth

2.3.2.2. Conjunct: two successive tetrachords share a pitch

2.3.2.3. Disjunct: two successive tetrachords were separated by a whole tone

2.3.2.4. Greater Perfect System: four tetrachords plus an added lowest note

2.4. "Epitaph of Seikilos"

2.4.1. Inscribed on a tombstone

3. Ancient Rome

3.1. Adopted much of their culture from the Greeks

3.2. Romans made significant advances over the Greeks in instrument building