The Prehistoric Age in Turkey

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The Prehistoric Age in Turkey by Mind Map: The Prehistoric Age in Turkey

1. What Is Prehistory?

1.1. The period of time in the past before people could write, it is the time before history was written down.

1.2. Human prehistory is divided into three successive periods: the Stone Age, the Bronze Age, and the Iron Age.

2. The Stone Age

2.1. Paleolithicum

2.1.1. (2 million - 800 BC) The early man in the Paleolithic age did not know how to farm and raise crops. But lived on picking vegetables, fruits, and they were also hunting. They moved as small groups from one place to another in order to find new food sources and to hunt for other animals. Their dwellings were in rocky areas, under big rocks, and in caves.

2.2. Mesolithicum

2.2.1. Remains of a mesolithic culture in Anatolia can be found along the Mediterranean coast and also in Thrace and the western Black Sea area. Mesolithic remains have been located in the same caves as the paleolithic artefacts and drawings.

2.3. Neolithicum

2.3.1. It has strategic location at the intersection of Asia and Europe, Anatolia has been the center of several civilizations since prehistoric times. Archaeological finds include farming tools that suggest both crops and animal husbandry as well as domestication of the dog. Religion is represented by figurines of Cybele, a mother goddess.

2.4. Megalithicum

3. The Bronze Age

3.1. The Bronze age is divided into three phases which are the Early Bronze age, Middle Bronze age, and the Late Bronze age.

3.2. The Bronze age in Turkey begins around 3000 in Anatolia, around 2500 in the Aegean and Crete, and around 2000 in Europe.

3.3. The tools that were made mostly out of bronze were used in religious ceremonies. The people were living in cities surrounded with fortification walls. Houses were built in rectangular shapes on stone foundations with sun dried brick walls.

4. The Metal Age

4.1. The Iron Age marks the period of the development of technology, when the working of iron came into general use, replacing bronze as the basic material for implements and weapons. It is the last stage of the archaeological sequence known as the three-age system; Stone Age, Bronze Age and Iron Age.

5. The Earliest Evidences

5.1. Recent discoveries in the southeastern province of Mardin in Turkey have revealed what are currently the oldest examples of the wheel in the world. Until recently, it was believed that the Sumerians were the inventors of the wheel. But the discovery of a stone-carved 'toy' wheeled vehicle adds to the list of cultural 'first's' now being shown to have originated in this area long before the Sumerian or Egyptian cultures existed.

5.2. Six miles from Urfa, an ancient city in southeastern Turkey, Klaus Schmidt has made one of the most startling archaeological discoveries of our time: massive carved stones about 11,000 years old, crafted and arranged by prehistoric people who had not yet developed metal tools or even pottery.