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D844 Block 1 by Mind Map: D844 Block 1
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D844 Block 1

Definition

Masson (1996) : Kind of research which views observational methods as a central plank

Denzin (1997) : Inquiry and writing about life of the writter and those written about

Banzanger & Dodier (2004) Studies

Human activites

1. empirical approach

2. remain open to elements that cannot be codified at the time of the study

3. grounding the phenomena observered in the filed

Study guide

1. Empircal method -> all

2. Open-endedness -> Baszanger & Dodier

3. Connection between the general and the specific

Importance of the, ones studied, one who studies, careful of the "centric values", Eurocentric, Ethnocentric, ..., context shapes the knowledge produced

A way of, generating SITUATED knowledge, conducted in the CONTEXT of application,, using a VARIETY of QUALITATIVE techniques, interviews, observations, involves, the people studied, in participatory research

Importance of Ethnography over quantitative methods

Griffiths (1998)

constrated with "Conversational analysis"

Bourgeois (1995)

Maher & Dixon (1999)

NARRATIVE ETHNOGRAPHY

Positivism

Scientific method is the only valid source of knowledge

unaffected by any personal bias

replicability

Lewis-Redfiled dispute, Life in a Mexican village

Today :

idealised reconstruction rather than accurate description

Latour (1986) Laboratory Life

POWER, Rosaldo (1989)

Let people speak for themselves

Avoid misspresenting the participant

Avoid exaggerating their differences

COMBINATIVE ETHNOGRAPHY

Chicago School

Baszanger & Dodier

Burawoy (1991)

Salzinger (2000)

Ecology Metaphor

Holistic approach

GROUNDED THEORY

Glaser & Strauss (1967)

Impression management

Levy

violated taboos in Nothern Thailand

Annabel Thomas (1993)

homeless women in Brighton

Covert participation

Patricks (1973) "Glasgow Gang Observed"

Dittons (1977) "Part-Time Crime"

WRITING = VALIDATION

SYMBOLIC INTERACTIONISM

Blumer & Hughes

Phenomenology

Garfinkel (1960)

<> interactionist (superficial, visible actions)

INTEGRATIVE ETHNOGRAPHY

Levis Strauss (1963)