Educational technology and other
by lina cristancho
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Educational technology and other
A soft ball to make learning
Many classrooms world do not have
access to modern technology.
the technology pyramid
Represent different realities
in a "reversed pyramid
There is a lot we can do with
minimal or even no resources.
paper bags with faces
draw on them baceme
Objects , pictures and things
for a creative activitie
Drills: lower. level students, flashcards useful grammar items
Games: for communication, students can have a conversation
Prediction: to predict what is coming., look at picture and try
to guess what it shows.
Matching and ordering: cards are good
for matching questions and answers, Using cards for
Card games:There are many
card games possibilities in
language learning., we can turn the card selection
into a game by introducing a
The rods are featureless and
are only differentiated by their
length and colour., Rods can be used to
The most useful resources in the
classroom are students themselves.
We can get them write or talk
about things they like or
things they have experienced.
Methodologist have been arguing
about the usefulness of coursebooks
questioning their role.
Benefits: the coursebooks are carefully prepared to
offer a coherent syllabus, satisfactory language
control, audio cassettes and extra resource material
Restrictions: the coursebooks. Used inappropriately, impose
learning styles and content on classes and teacher alike.
Using coursebooks: the most important aspect of course book
use is for teachers to try engage students with the content.
Omit and replace: the first decision we have to make is
whether to use a particular coursebook lesson or not.
To change or not change: we might decide to use the lesson
but to change it to make it more appropiate for our students.
Ways of showing
The most versatile piece of
classroom teaching equipement.
Note-pad: write things up on the board
as these come up during the lesson.
Explanation aid: we can show the relationship
between an affiemative sentence and a
question by drawing connecting arrows.
Picture frame: boards can be
used for drawing pictures
Game board: there are a number of games with
noughts and crosses. Also called Tic-Tac-Toe
The overhead projector: we can show whole text or grammar
excercises , pictures , diagrams or students writing. We might have
questions on one side of the transparency and answers on the other.
The filp chart: are useful for making notes, recording the main
points in a group discussion , amending and changing points.
Ways of listening: students also get language
input from listening to each other from any
visiting teacher , lecturers or classroom guest.
Ways of finding out
Dictionaries: students can access dictionaries
in book from, on CD-ROMS.
Paper dictionaries: dictionaries printed in book.Dictionaries
can be either bilingual or monolingual.
CD-ROMs: paper dictionaries are limited by the size of
book that users are prepared to carry around with them.
Electronic pocket dictionaries: many students like to carry around
small electronic dictionaries which fit snugly into their pockets.
Online dictionaries: many dictionaries are now freely available online.
Searching the internet: the greatest source of
information not in book form is the internet.
Using encyclopedias: there are a number
of encyclopedias sites. ( biography.com)
Webquest: a particular type of information is provided
by a kind of internet based called webquest.