Educational technology and other learning resources

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Educational technology and other learning resources by Mind Map: Educational technology and other learning resources

1. A soft ball to make learning

2. Many classrooms world do not have access to modern technology.

3. the technology pyramid

3.1. Represent different realities in a "reversed pyramid

3.1.1. language laboratories

3.1.2. whiteboards

3.1.3. nothing

4. There is a lot we can do with minimal or even no resources.

4.1. paper bags with faces draw on them baceme puppets.

5. Objects , pictures and things


5.1.1. for a creative activitie


5.2.1. Drills: lower. level students flashcards useful grammar items

5.2.2. Games: for communication students can have a conversation

5.2.3. Prediction: to predict what is coming. look at picture and try to guess what it shows.

5.3. CARDS

5.3.1. Matching and ordering: cards are good for matching questions and answers Using cards for kinesthetic learners.

5.3.2. Card games:There are many card games possibilities in language learning. we can turn the card selection into a game by introducing a competitive element.


5.4.1. The rods are featureless and are only differentiated by their length and colour. Rods can be used to teach prepositions.

6. The most useful resources in the classroom are students themselves.

6.1. We can get them write or talk about things they like or things they have experienced.

7. The coursebook

7.1. Methodologist have been arguing about the usefulness of coursebooks questioning their role.

7.2. Benefits: the coursebooks are carefully prepared to offer a coherent syllabus, satisfactory language control, audio cassettes and extra resource material

7.3. Restrictions: the coursebooks. Used inappropriately, impose learning styles and content on classes and teacher alike.

7.4. Using coursebooks: the most important aspect of course book use is for teachers to try engage students with the content.

7.5. Omit and replace: the first decision we have to make is whether to use a particular coursebook lesson or not.

7.6. To change or not change: we might decide to use the lesson but to change it to make it more appropiate for our students.

8. Ways of showing

8.1. The board

8.1.1. The most versatile piece of classroom teaching equipement.

8.1.2. Note-pad: write things up on the board as these come up during the lesson.

8.1.3. Explanation aid: we can show the relationship between an affiemative sentence and a question by drawing connecting arrows.

8.1.4. Picture frame: boards can be used for drawing pictures

8.1.5. Game board: there are a number of games with noughts and crosses. Also called Tic-Tac-Toe

8.2. The overhead projector: we can show whole text or grammar excercises , pictures , diagrams or students writing. We might have questions on one side of the transparency and answers on the other.

8.3. The filp chart: are useful for making notes, recording the main points in a group discussion , amending and changing points.

9. Ways of listening: students also get language input from listening to each other from any visiting teacher , lecturers or classroom guest.

10. Ways of finding out

10.1. Dictionaries: students can access dictionaries in book from, on CD-ROMS.

10.2. Paper dictionaries: dictionaries printed in book.Dictionaries can be either bilingual or monolingual.

10.3. CD-ROMs: paper dictionaries are limited by the size of book that users are prepared to carry around with them.

10.4. Electronic pocket dictionaries: many students like to carry around small electronic dictionaries which fit snugly into their pockets.

10.5. Online dictionaries: many dictionaries are now freely available online.

11. Searching the internet: the greatest source of information not in book form is the internet.

11.1. Using encyclopedias: there are a number of encyclopedias sites. (

11.2. Webquest: a particular type of information is provided by a kind of internet based called webquest.