Explanations of Prejudice

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Explanations of Prejudice by Mind Map: Explanations of Prejudice

1. Cognitive

1.1. Allport (1954): Hostility is a key emotional component of prejudice

1.2. Shortcuts or tricks in making easy decisions (heuristics) may influence how people interpret the behaviour of others

1.2.1. Tversky and Kahnemann, Dual Processing Model

1.3. A person's knowledge is stored in cognitive schemas

1.4. To overcome prejudice, members of the group who do not fir the stereotype need to be presented to those who hold the stereotype. But, conformation bias may affect this method.

2. Sociocultural

2.1. Social Identity Theory: Intergroup discrimination elevates self-esteem, and therefore, low self esteem motivates discrimination.

2.1.1. Fein and Spencer (1997): Lowering one's self esteem makes one more likely to discriminate.

2.2. Integrated threat theory: Three types of threats

2.2.1. Stereotyping, realistic threats and symbolic threats.

3. Biological

3.1. Evolution-based argument: Prejudice or discriminatory reaction to out groups as a means of protecting the gene pool of a community and increasing the chances that genes will be handed down within a group.

3.2. Oxytocin and inter-groups: more likely to favour the in-group, therefore discriminating the out-group

4. Critical Analysis

4.1. Interactionist perspective

4.2. Social Norms

4.3. Prejudice does not always equal discrimination

4.3.1. Lack of predictive validity