Antimicrobials

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Antimicrobials by Mind Map: Antimicrobials

1. Antibiotics

1.1. Beta-Lactams

1.1.1. Penicillin (+)

1.1.1.1. ADR: diarrhea, anaphylaxis, rash

1.1.1.2. INCLUDES: amoxicillin, ampicillin, ticarcillin, piperacillin

1.1.1.3. REACTION TYPES:

1.1.2. Cephalosporins

1.1.2.1. ADR: rash, nausea, vomiting, superinfection

1.1.3. Carbapenems

1.1.3.1. ADR: diarrhea, anaphylaxis, rash

1.1.4. Beta-Lactamase Inhibitors (accessory)

1.1.4.1. INCLUDES: cluavulanate, sulbactam, tazobactum

1.2. Other Categories

1.2.1. Fluoroquinolones

1.2.1.1. ADR: nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, dizziness, bto sensitivity, nephrotoxicity, bone and cartilage toxicities

1.2.1.2. INCLUDES: ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin, ofloxacin, levofloxacin

1.2.2. Aminoglycosides(-)

1.2.2.1. ADR: nausea, vomiting, nephrotoxicity, ototoxicity

1.2.2.2. INCLUDES: amikacin, gentamicin, meomycin, tobramycin

1.2.3. Tetracyclines

1.2.3.1. ADR: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, photosensitivity, teeth staining

1.2.3.2. INCLUDES: tetracycline, doxycycline, minocycline

1.2.4. Macrolides

1.2.4.1. ADR: nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramping

1.2.4.2. INCLUDES: azithromycin, clarithromycin, erythromycin

1.2.5. Sulfanomides

1.2.5.1. ADR: headache, nausea, hypersensitivity (Stevens-Johnson), blood dyschromia, kernicterus

1.2.5.2. INCLUDES: sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim, otrimoxazole

1.3. Specific Drugs

1.3.1. Vancomycin (MRSA)

1.3.1.1. ADR: nausea, vomiting, metallic taste, contraindicated with alcohol

1.3.2. Clindamycin (MRSA)

1.3.2.1. ADR: severe (explosive) diarrhea and colitis

1.3.3. Metronidazole

1.3.3.1. ADR: nausea, vomiting, metallic taste, contraindicated with alcohol

1.3.4. Aztreonam (-)

1.3.4.1. ADRS: similar to penicillin, seizures

2. Antivirals

3. Antifungals