MIND MAP OF CANADA'S FEDERAL POLITICAL SYSTEM!

Get Started. It's Free
or sign up with your email address
Rocket clouds
MIND MAP OF CANADA'S FEDERAL POLITICAL SYSTEM! by Mind Map: MIND MAP  OF  CANADA'S FEDERAL POLITICAL SYSTEM!

1. The Judicial Branch

1.1. The judicial branch includes Canada's courts of law.

1.2. - They interpret and implement laws by ensuring fair judgements. That's why they are accountable for securing and respecting Canadian rights.

1.3. The judicial branch is distinct from the other branches as it acts as a restraint on their capabilities.

2. The Legislative Branch

2.1. The legislative branch includes the House of Commons, the Senate, and the governor general. The legislative branch is also called Canda's parliament.

2.2. - The legislative government is responsible for the production of laws

3. The Executive Branch

3.1. The executive branch includes the prime minister (PM) and the cabinet.

3.2. - The executive branch is responsible for putting laws into action

4. THE HOUSE OF COMMONS

5. THE PRIME MINISTER

6. THE SENATE

7. THE SUPREME COURT

8. MONARCH OF BRITAIN

9. HOUSE OF COMMONS

10. SENATE

11. ROYAL ASSENT

12. - The prime minister is the head of Canada's government. He/She is elected as the leader of a political party, He/She must be elected as a member of parliament and their party must win the most seats in the House of Commons. - If the PM wants to apply a new law, He/She has to go through it with the cabinet to discuss its purpose and if it will concern the interests of the people. - Both the PM and the cabinet run day-to-day business in government.

13. - The House of Commons is an influential law-making foundation of Canada's federal political system. - The members of the House of Commons examine, debate and vote on bills. - MP's are the members of the House of Commons and are elected by voters. - Each MP represents the voters of a riding or area. - MP's normally form the government while the other parties form the opposition. - Representation in the House of Commons is by population in Canada.

14. - The members of Canada's Senate are called senators - Senators are elected by the prime minister and serve the interests and rights of Canada's regions, including minorities. - The Senate can propose laws but mainly take into consideration of bills passed by the House of Commons first. The Senate gives a sober second thought, the second round of study, to all legislation proposed in Canada. - The Senate cannot propose laws that involve money or spending taxes. - In order for a bill to become law, both the House of Commons and Senate are required to pass it. Therefore, the Senate has the power to reject laws but rarely uses this advantage.

15. LAW-MAKING STEPS IN THE HOUSE OF COMMONS, SENATE, AND ROYAL ASSENT

16. Inside the legislative branch, bills go through several steps to become law. Law-making steps involve the contribution of the House of Commons the Senate, and Royal assent.

17. First Reading: Printed copies of the bill are made accessible and no debating or voting of the bill. Second Reading: Debate and vote on the purpose of the bill. Will it concern the interests of the people? Committee Stage: Perform a comprehensive study of the bill. A committee of MP's or senators study the bill with the assistance of witnesses, specialists, and citizens. The committee issues a bill with a proposal that the House or Senate accepts. Report Stage: Debate and vote on alterations of the bill. Third Reading: Debate and vote on the ultimate plan of the bill.

18. Senate: The bill follows a similar process in the Senate, but I will give more insight. First reading, no debating or voting of a bill. Second reading involves studying the bill or accepting the bill. The studied bill goes to the committee stage, they have to change it or accept it. Accepted bills go to the third reading. If they have to change it, it will go from the report stage, the third reading, to the House of Commons where they debate and vote on Senate reforms to either reject all bills, accept some bills, or accept all bills. Lastly, the Senate has to debate and vote on the House decision to either reject or accept a bill. Both acceptance (from the Senate and House of Commons) will go to the Royal assent.

19. - Britain's queen or king is the head of state in Canada but does not play an existing or prominent role in Canada's government. This indicates Canada is a constitutional monarchy considering the kind or queen is the head of state. - The governor general represents Britain's monarch in Canada and is part of both the executive and legislative branches in government.

20. - The Supreme Court of Canada is the most powerful court in Canada. - It is at the final stage of the federal political system and takes all legal questions in the country and questions about the rules for implementing laws.

21. Provincial/Territorial Courts

22. - A cabinet is a group of people that introduces most of the ideas that become laws. -They are not appointed by voters but appointed by the prime minister, or PM. The PM chooses cabinet ministers and their responsibility. - The cabinet includes the people who have responsibilities in other government departments and agencies. - The members of cabinet belong to the leading political party in the House of Commons and are members of parliament (MP's). They are also called senators

23. THE CABINET

24. Royal Assent: Bill becomes law after Royal assent has been given by the governor general.