PAST TENCES IN ENGLISH

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PAST TENCES IN ENGLISH by Mind Map: PAST TENCES IN ENGLISH

1. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS

1.1. ACTIONS THAT STARTED IN THE PAST AND CONTINUE IN THE PRESENT OR ACTIONS THAT HAVE JUST FINISHED

1.1.1. Date

1.1.2. Time

1.1.3. Place

1.2. Form

1.2.1. SUBJECT + HAVE/HAS + BEEN + -ING FORM

1.2.2. She has been waiting for you all day (= and she's still waiting now). I've been working on this report since eight o'clock this morning (= and I still haven't finished it). They have been travelling since last October (= and they're not home yet).It's been raining (= and the streets are still wet).

1.3. Type

1.3.1. Multiple choice

1.3.2. Essay

1.3.3. Calculations

1.3.4. Open-ended questions

1.3.5. Close-ended questions

1.4. Affirmative: She has been / She's been running.

1.5. Interrogative : Has she been running? Interrogative negative: Hasn't she been running?

1.6. Negative: She hasn't been running.

1.7. VERBS WITHOUT CONTINUOUS FORMS With verbs not normally used in the continuous form, use the simple present perfect instead (verbs such as: know, hate, hear, understand, want): I've wanted to visit China for years. She's known Robert since she was a child. I've hated that music since I first heard it. I've heard a lot about you recently. We've understood everything.

2. SIMPLE PAST

2.1. -ED for Regular Verbs & Second Paradigm Irregular Verbs

2.1.1. Essays / Articles

2.1.2. Books

2.2. AFFERMATIVE He worked at McDonald’s. They travelled abroad last month. We went to Spain for our holidays last Christmas.

2.3. NEGATIVE He didn't work at McDonald We didn't go to Spain for our holidays. They didn't travel abroad last month.

2.4. INTERROGATIVE Did he work at McDonald? Did the travel abroad last month? Did we go to Spain for our holidays last Christmas?

3. PRESENT PERFECT

3.1. SUBJECT + HAVE/HAS + PAST PARTICIPLE

3.2. AFFERMATIVE I've been to Australia. I had worked for three years

3.3. NEGATIVE I haven't worked for three years. She has never been to Australia

3.4. INTERROGATIVE How long have you worked there? Have you ever been to Australia?