by elsie carty
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Cognitive Development Perspective/
Jeon Project- The Cognitive
Development Perspective is based
in the work of Jeon Piagett (1955).
The emphasis of this perspective is
that language is aquired as
maturation occurs and cognitive
competencies develop. Piaget's
definition of language is narrower
than that of other psychologist or
linguists. (Otto B. 2010) Around the
age of one year some children begin
to represent actions and objects
mentally and symbolically. Activity:
Hide & Seek /Objective: place a
block and remove a block each time
Nativist Perspective- Emphasives the inborn
language mechanism( Otto B. 2010).
Linguist Noam Chomsky is a major theorist
associated with the nativist perspective.
Chomsky contribution is to our
understanding of the aquisition and
structure of language have been significant.
The major focus of the nativist perspective
is on the aquisition of syntantic knowledge.
Chomsky proposed that this universal
grammar is an innate property of the human
mind ( Otto B. 2010). Activity: picture cards,
picture book, My First Dictionary with letters,
words, and pictures.
Behaviorist Perspective - The behavorist
perspective emphasizes the role of nurture
and considers learning to occur based on
the stimuli, responses and reinforcments
that occur in the environment. A child is
considered to be "blank slate" (Karmiloff &
Karmiloff- Smith). Thus language is taught
through situations in which children are
encouraged to imitate others speech and to
develop associations between verbal
stimuli and objects. This type of
conditoning or learning is called operant
conditioning ( Skinner 1975). Activity:
Teach a child to repeat words after you,
example: ma-ma, da-da.
Interactionist Perspective - This perspective
contributes to our understanding of the
ways in which children aquire progmatic
language knowledge. Language is aquired
by individuals out of a need to function in
society and and an accompanying need for
knowledge of how language function in that
society. The early work of Vygotsky
emphasized the role of social interaction in
language development (Otto B. 2010).
Activity: Children's interaction with their
peers by talking and playing with each other
example: table games, shaving creme,
Play-Doh activities, or sand & water play.