History of English Language

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History of English Language by Mind Map: History of English Language

1. AGE OF REASON 18th/19th Century

2. Edward Confessor Dies

3. African Vernacular

3.1. Kept R-lessness

4. East= R-lessness French Influence from the Brits

5. American English

6. The Black Sea

7. English, Dutch, Frisians (West Germanic)

8. Tocharian (Farthest East PIE went)

9. Created Doublets : German? Grimms Law

9.1. Cognates

10. Jutes, Saxons, and Angles

10.1. Romans. Claudias completed Julius' invasion 43-410 AD ruled

10.1.1. Signs of Grimms Law 500 B.C

10.2. Caedmon Hymn 658-680 AD

10.2.1. Scoti, Saxons and Picts invade 396-398

11. Battle of Hastings

12. Viking Invasion 787-1066

12.1. Vikings: Germanic people

13. Old English

13.1. Celts, Natives of England, Pagans

13.2. Latin

13.3. German

13.4. Beowulf 900 A.D

13.5. Alliteration: Stress on first syllable

14. French Words Take Over High Class

15. Great Vowel Shift 12-18th century

16. French speaking Normans took over

17. The Norman Conquest 1066

18. Modern English

19. Middle English

19.1. Chaucer

19.2. William Conqueror becomes King

19.3. Celtic

19.4. French

20. Early Modern English

20.1. Shakespeare 16th/17th Century

20.1.1. Yokings

20.1.2. Functional Shifting/Word Play, Nouning Verbs

20.2. Thou/You in Hamlet

21. PIE:6,000 YEARS

21.1. Sanskrit, Greek, Latin

21.2. Germanic Languages

22. TRAVELED WEST FROM GREAT BRITAIN

22.1. West= "R's"

23. SEMANTIC SHIFT: "Shift happens"