Myiasis

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Myiasis by Mind Map: Myiasis

1. Classification

1.1. Habitat of fly

1.1.1. Accidental myiasis

1.1.2. Obligatory ( specific myiasis )

1.1.3. Facultative ( semi-specific myiasis )

1.2. Habitat

1.2.1. External myiasis

1.2.1.1. Cutaneous

1.2.1.2. Nasal

1.2.1.3. Ocular

1.2.2. Internal myiasis

1.2.2.1. Intestinal

1.2.2.2. Urogenital

2. Diagnosis

2.1. Finding Larvae in the lesion

2.2. Identifying Larvae

2.2.1. Breeding into adults

2.2.2. Posterior Spiracles

3. Treatement

3.1. Removal of larvae

3.1.1. Manually

3.1.2. By saline purge

3.1.3. By douches

3.1.4. By cytoscopes

3.2. Secondary infection

3.2.1. Antibiotics

3.2.2. Antiseptics

4. Prevention and Control

4.1. Control of adult flies with insecticides and by using nets.

4.2. Prevention of intestinal myiasis by protection of food from flies.

4.3. Prevention of wound myiasis by cleaning and covering the wounds.

5. Application in medecine (Maggot therapy)

5.1. Introduction of maggots to clean wounds (commonly used: Lucilia sericata).

5.2. Several commercial companies breed colonies of the flies, the fly eggs produced are given an antiseptic bath, and the resulting larvae are then placed on a patient’s wound.

5.3. Centers for Maggot therapy are present in many countries in North America and Europe.