Neuroscience - brief overview of the human nervous system.

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Neuroscience by Mind Map: Neuroscience

1. Central Nervous System

1.1. Brain

1.1.1. Forebrain Telencephalon Cerebrum (2 cerebral hemispheres) Diencephalon Subthalamus Hypothalamus

1.1.2. Midbrain Integration of sensory information (visual, auditory, somatosensory) into motor signals that help orient the head toward various stimuli. Responsible for auditory and visual reflexes, as well as refining of motor movements.

1.1.3. Hindbrain Pons Medulla oblongata Cerebellum

1.2. Spinal Cord

1.2.1. Thalamus Located just above the brain stem between the cerebral cortex and the midbrain and has extensive nerve connections to both. The main function of the thalamus is to relay motor and sensory signals to the cerebral cortex (except olfactory).

1.2.2. Receipt of sensory information and initial processing. Indirectly responsible for movement as all voluntary motor stimuli are processed here.

2. Peripheral Nervous System

2.1. Somatic

2.2. Autonomic

2.2.1. Sympathetic Fight or Flight

2.2.2. Parasympathetic Rest & Digest