Chapter One

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Chapter One by Mind Map: Chapter One

1. * Map

1.1. * two dimension or flat scale model of Earth's surface, or a portion of it

2. * Cartography

2.1. * science of mapmaking

3. * map scale

3.1. * amount of area covered on a map and level of detail

4. * Projection

4.1. * scientific method of transferring locations on Earth's surface to a flat map

5. * Meridian

5.1. * arc drawn between North and South Poles

6. * Longitude

6.1. * numbering system that identifies locations of meridians

7. * Prime meridian

7.1. * zero degrees longitude, passes through Greenwich England

8. * International Date Line

8.1. * on 180 degrees longitude for the most part. going east across it, turn clock 24 hours back. Going west across it turn clock 24 hours forward

9. * Greenwich Mean Time

9.1. * the time at the Prime Meridian. Its the master reference for all other points on Earth

10. * Parallel

10.1. * circle drawn around the globe, parallel to the equator

11. * Latitude

11.1. * numbering system that identifies the location of each parallel

12. * remote sensing

12.1. * acquisition of data about Earth's surface from orbiting of satellites or other long distance methods

13. * Global Positioning System

13.1. * the system that accurately determines the precise location of something on Earth

14. * Geographic Information System

14.1. * computer system that captures, stores, queries, analyzes, and displays geographic data

15. * Place

15.1. * specific point on Earth distinguished by a particular characteristic

16. * Location

16.1. * the position something occupies on Earth's surface

17. * Toponym

17.1. * name given to a place on Earth

18. * Site

18.1. * physical character of a job

19. * Situation

19.1. * location of a place relative to other places

20. * formal region

20.1. * an area within which everyone shares in common one or more distinctive characteristic

21. * functional region

21.1. * an area organized around a node or focal point

22. * vernacular/perceptual region

22.1. * an area that people believe exists as part of their cultural identity

23. * mental map

23.1. * an internal representation of a portion of Earth's surface

24. * cultural landscape

24.1. * combination of cultural features such as language and religion, economic features such as agriculture and industry, and physical features such as climate and vegetation

25. * Culture

25.1. * body of customary beliefs, material traits, and social forms that together constitute distinct tradition of a group of people

26. * Scale

26.1. * national scale, global scale, local scale etc. An area instead of a distance

27. * Globalization

27.1. * a force or process that involves the entire world and results in making something worldwide in scope

28. * Space

28.1. * physical gap or interval between two objects

29. * Distribution

29.1. * the arrangement of a feature in space

30. * Density

30.1. * the frequency with which something occurs in space

31. * Concentration

31.1. * extent of a feature's spread over space

32. * Hearth

32.1. * place from which an innovation originates

33. * Diffusion

33.1. * the process by which a characteristic spreads across space over time

34. * relocation diffusion

34.1. * spread of an idea through physical movement of people from one place to another

35. * expansion diffusion

35.1. * spread of a feature from one place to another in an additive process

36. * hierarchical diffusion

36.1. * spread of an idea from persons or nodes of authority or power to other persons or places

37. * contagious diffusion

37.1. * rapid, widespread diffusion of a characteristic throughout the population

38. * stimulus diffusion

38.1. * spread of an underlying principle even though a characteristic itself apparently fails to diffuse

39. * distance decay

39.1. * phenomenon of contact diminishing with increasing of distance and eventually disappearing

40. * Space-time compression

40.1. * reduction in time it takes for something to reach another place

41. * Network

41.1. * chain of communication that connects places

42. * renewable resource

42.1. * resource produced in nature faster than it is consumed by humans

43. * nonrenewable resource

43.1. * resource produced in nature more slowly than consumed by humans

44. * Sustainability

44.1. * use of renewable and nonrenewable natural resources in ways that ensure resource availability in the future

45. * Conservation

45.1. * sustainable use and management of Earth's natural resources to meet human needs such as food, medicine, and recreation

46. * Preservation

46.1. * maintenance of resources in their present condition, with as little human impact as possible.

47. * Climate

47.1. * long-term average weather condition at a particular location

48. * Ecosystem

48.1. * a group of living organisms and the abiotic spheres with which they interact

49. * cultural ecology

49.1. * the geographic study of human-environment relationships

50. * environmental determinism

50.1. * belief that physical environment caused social development

51. * Possibilism

51.1. * belief that the physical environment may limit some human actions, but people have the ability to adjust their environment

52. * region

52.1. * an area or division, especially part of a country or the world. Not always having fixed boundaries