Conditional sentences

English grammar

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Conditional sentences by Mind Map: Conditional sentences

1. Zero Conditional(100% će se desiti posledica)

1.1. General truths:When people smokes cigarettes ,their health suffers.(WE ALWAYS USE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE IN THIS CONDITIONAL)

1.2. Incorrect form: When people smokes cigarettes, their health will suffer.(WE NEVER USE FUTURE TENSE IN THIS CONDITIONAL


2. First Conditional(50% će se desiti posledica)

2.1. First conditional sentences are used to express situations in which the outcome is likely (but not guaranteed) to happen in the future.

2.2. Correct form: If you rest , you will feel better.(PRESENT SIMPLE+FUTURE SIMPLE)

2.3. Incorrect form:If you will rest , you will feel better.

3. Second Conditional(90%da se neće dogoditi posledica)

3.1. Second conditional sentences are useful for expressing outcomes that are completely unrealistic or will not likely happen in the future.

3.2. Correct form: If I inherited a billion dollars, I would travel to the moon.

3.3. Incorrect form: If I inherit a billion dollars, I would travel to the moon.

3.4. (IF clause ):Simple past tense +(main clause ):a modal auxiliary verb/might , would/

4. Third Conditional(100%je moglo/teoretski je moglo,ali se nije dogodilo)USLOV NE MOŽE DA SE ISPUNI.

4.1. Third conditional: sentences are used to explain that present circumstances would be different if something different had happened in the past.

4.2. Correct form: If you had told me you needed a ride, I would have left earlier.

4.3. Incorrect form: If you would have told me you needed a ride, I would have left earlier.

4.4. the past perfect (i.e., had + past participle) in the if-clause. The modal auxiliary (would, could, shoud, etc.) + have + past participle in the main clause expresses the theoretical situation that could have happened.

5. Use a comma after the if-clause when the if-clause precedes the main clause. If I’d had time, I would have cleaned the house. If the main clause precedes the if-clause, no punctuation is necessary. I would have cleaned the house if I’d had time.

6. Exceptions and Special Cases When Using Conditional Sentences As with most topics in the English language, conditional sentences often present special cases in which unique rules must be applied. Use of the Simple Future in the If-Clause Generally speaking, the simple future should be used only in the main clause. One exception is when the action in the if-clause will take place after the action in the main clause. For example, consider the following sentence: If aspirin will ease my headache, I will take a couple tonight. The action in the if-clause is the aspirin easing the headache, which will take place only after the speaker takes them later that night. “Were to” in the If-Clause The verb phrase were to is sometimes used in conditional sentences when the likely or unlikely result is particularly awful or unthinkable. In this case, were to is used to place emphasis on this potential outcome. Consider these sentences: If I were to be sick, I would miss another day of work. If she were to be late again, she would have to have a conference with the manager. If the rent were to have been a penny more, they would not have been able to pay it. Note that the emphatic “were to” can be used to describe hypothetical scenarios in the present, future, and past.