Overview of Learning Theories:

Although there are many different approaches to learning, there are three basic types of learning theory: behaviorist, cognitive constructivist, and social constructivist. This section provides a brief introduction to each type of learning theory. The theories are treated in four parts: a short historical introduction, a discussion of the view of knowledge presupposed by the theory, an account of how the theory treats learning and student motivation, and, finally, an overview of some of the i...

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Overview of Learning Theories: by Mind Map: Overview of Learning Theories:

1. View of Learning: Passive absorption of a predefined body of knowledge by the learner. Promoted by repetition and positive reinforcement.

2. Cognitive Constructivism

3. Social Constructivism

4. Behaviorism

5. View of Knowledge: Knowledge is a repertoire of behavioral responses to environmental stimuli.

6. View of Motivation: Extrinsic, involving positive and negative reinforcement.

7. Implications for teaching: Correct behavioral responses are transmitted by the teacher and absorbed by the students.

8. View of knowledge: Knowledge systems of cognitive structures are actively constructed by learners based on pre-existing cognitive structures.

9. View of learning: Active assimilation and accommodation of new information to existing cognitive structures. Discovery by learners is emphasized.

10. View of Motivation: Intrinsic; learners set their own goals and motivate themselves to learn.

11. Implications for teaching: The teacher facilitates learning by providing an environment that promotes discovery and assimilation/accommodation.

12. View of knowledge: Knowledge is constructed within social contexts through interactions with a knowledge community.

13. View of learning: Integration of students into a knowledge community. Collaborative assimilation and accommodation of new information.

14. View of Motivation: Intrinsic and extrinsic. Learning goals and motives are determined both by learners and extrinsic rewards provided by the knowledge community.

15. Implications of teaching: Collaborative learning is facilitated and guided by the teacher. Group work is encouraged.