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Magnetism by Mind Map: Magnetism

1. History

1.1. Ancient Civilization discovered Magnetite (Fe3O4)

1.2. Sailors used it for navigation. Called them Lodestone.

1.3. Caused from certain properties w/in an atom.

1.3.1. Substance grouped in opp. pairs = nonmagnetic.

1.3.2. Substances not fully paired --> no cancellation = magnetic domains.

2. What Materials Do They Attract?

2.1. Attracted

2.1.1. Steel (like the lid of a "tin" can).

2.1.2. Cobalt

2.1.3. Nickel

2.1.4. Iron

2.2. Not Attracted

2.2.1. Nonmetallic objects

3. IT'S A FORCE!

3.1. Line of Force

3.1.1. Attracted

3.1.1.1. Acts through Space through transparent materials.

3.1.1.1.1. Paper

3.1.1.1.2. Glass

3.1.1.1.3. Copper

3.1.1.1.4. Wood

3.1.1.1.5. Plastic

3.1.1.1.6. Aluminum foil

3.1.1.2. Unlike poles.

3.1.2. Not Attracted

3.1.2.1. Like poles.

3.2. Magnetic Field

4. Attraction & Repulsion

4.1. Unlike poles attract each other.

4.1.1. "Opposites attract." (Stick together)

4.1.2. North seeking pole

4.2. Like poles repel each other.

4.2.1. "push away."

4.2.2. Ex: Floating Rings

5. Temporary & Permanent Magnets

5.1. Temporary

5.1.1. Use Electric Current "on" & off."

5.2. Permanent

5.2.1. Last a long time

5.2.2. Low Key...not really permanent/ retains only if handled w/ care.