THEORIES IN URBAN PLANNING

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THEORIES IN URBAN PLANNING by Mind Map: THEORIES IN URBAN PLANNING

1. PRE-URBANIST

1.1. PROGRESSIVE

1.1.1. INSPIRED BY SOCIALISM

1.1.2. A UNIVERSAL TYPE OF MAN

1.1.3. PROMOTE RATIONALITY BACK TO SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

1.1.4. THEY BOAST PROGRESS

1.1.5. SEPERATION OF DUTIES ( WORK-HOME)

1.1.5.1. EXAMPLES

1.1.5.1.1. CEDRA PLAN IN BARCELONA

1.1.5.1.2. HAUSSMAN'S PARIS PLAN

1.1.5.1.3. RADIANT CITY OF CORBUSIER

1.1.6. SIMPLE, VISIBLE CITY, LOGICAL AND GEOMETRIC ORGANIZATION

1.1.7. HYGIENE: VENTILATION, OPEN SPACES, VOIDS, VAST LANES

1.1.8. CITY RESULT OF A SOCIO-POLITICAL SYSTEM

1.2. CULTURALIST

1.2.1. TURN THE CITY OF THE PAST

1.2.2. GOAL: TO REVIVE THE CITIES OF THE PAST

1.2.3. PRIVILEGE SPIRITUAL NEEDS MORE THAN MATERIAL

1.2.4. PEOPLE AND BUILDINDS ARE DIFFERENT

1.2.4.1. EXAMPLES

1.2.4.1.1. HOWARD GARDEN CITY

1.2.5. DENSE CITY, IRREGULAR AND ASYMMETRICAL SHAPE

1.2.6. THE DIMENSIONS OF THE CITY MUST BE REDUCED

2. POST-MODERNISM (CONCEPT OF FREEDOM, CREATIVITY AND DIVERSITY)

2.1. RADICAL PLANNING

2.1.1. COUNTER PROJECT

2.1.2. COMMUNITY PLANNING

2.1.3. SELF SUFFICIENCY

2.2. COMMUNICATIVE PLANNING

2.2.1. PLANNING ON THE REGIONAL LEVEL TAKING INTO ACCOUNT THE FORM, ECONOMY AND POLICY

2.2.2. ARGUMENT-BASED METHOD TO DISTINGUISH GOOD FROM BAD CHOICES

2.2.3. BASED ON RATIONALITY

2.2.4. COMMUNICATION AND NEGOTIATION OF THE DIFFERENT MEMBERS - ANALYSE THE SCENARIOS AND MAKE THE RIGHT DECISIONS.

2.2.5. INCENTIVE TO CITIZEN PARTICIPATION - BECAUSE THEY MIGHT NOT SHARE THE SAME VISION

2.2.6. EXCHANGE OF KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTAND EACH OTHER

2.3. LINDBLOM'S INCREMENTAL PLANNING/RATIONALIST

2.3.1. OBJECTIVES AND PURPOSES ARE NOT CLEAR

2.3.2. THE PROCESS IS CONTINUOUS CHAIN OF INCREMENTAL DECISIONS

2.4. DAVIDOFF'S ADVOCACY IN URBAN PLANNING

2.4.1. CITIXEN PATICIPATION IN URBAN POLICY DECISIONS - URBAN DEMOCRACY

2.4.2. THE PLANNER IS AN ADVOCATE FOR SOCIETY - PROVIDE INFORMATION, ANALYSE, SIMULATE FUTURE CONDITIONS, DEFEND SOCIAL VALUES

2.4.3. CONCEPT OF INCLUSIONS

2.4.4. THE CITIZEN ARE INFORMED ABOUT THE REASONS FOR URBAN PROPOSALS

2.4.5. INTRODUCTION TO THE PLURALISM SYSTEM IN URBAN PLANNING

2.4.6. IF REINFORCES THE MARGINALIZED SOCIETY BY GIVING THEM A POLITICAL EDUCATION

2.4.7. EMPIRICIST METHOD AND RESULT IN A PRAGMATIC PLAN

2.4.8. NEIGHBORHOOD WIDE PLANNING

2.5. STRATEGIC PLANNING

2.5.1. LONG TERM DEVELOPMENT TO ACHIEVE GOALS

2.5.2. COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT

2.5.3. SWOT ANALYSIS

2.5.4. ACTION ORIENTED AND RESULT ORIENTED

2.5.5. ADOPT A COMPETITIVE BEHAVIOR

2.5.6. ENCOURAGE PARTICIPATION

2.5.7. EMPHASIZES COMMUNITY ASSESSMENT

3. MODERNISM

3.1. THE BASE IS AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS

3.2. GIVE IMPORTANCE TO FORM , FUNCTION AND TECHNICALITY

3.3. DOES NOT TREAT DIVERSITY BUT ANALYSIS THE CITY AS A ONE BLOCK

3.4. DIFFERENT THINKING BETWEEN THE NEW AND THE OLD (NEW RATIONALIST THOUGHT)

3.5. BASED ON RATIONALITY AND STANDARDIZATION

3.6. MODERNITY RECOGNIZES SOCIETY, ECONOMY AND POLITICS INN A RATIONAL WAY

3.7. THE ECONOMY IS INFLUENCED BY CAPITALISM

3.8. RESTORATION OF DEMOCRACY

3.9. TREATMENT IS UNIVERSAL NOT LOCAL

4. LEBANON

4.1. PLAN DANGER 1930

4.2. ECHOCHARD 1943

4.3. CHEHAB AND HELOU 1958

4.4. THE IRFED GREEN PROJECT

4.5. ECOCHARD II PLAN 1961

4.6. CIVIL WAR 1975-1990

4.7. RECONSTRUCTION PERIOD

5. JANE JACOBS

6. POST WAR RECONSTRUCTION

7. CIVIL SOCIETY